INTRODUCTION– Living a life free of poverty and hunger is a basic human right. One of the paradoxes of our swiftly rising and increasingly progressive world is that poverty remains prevalent and rampant, and the disadvantaged population appears to be becoming increasingly vulnerable. The number of underprivileged and oppressed people in India is a source of great worry for policymakers and scholars. Poverty in India is mostly caused by a lack of adequate government policies and the upper class’s exploitation of the financially weaker part. India has one of the world’s largest economies, with a gross domestic product (GDP) of $1,644 billion US dollars. However, only a small portion of India’s population has benefited from the country’s amazing economic success thus far, with the bulk of the population still living in abysmal poverty. Two-thirds of the Indian population is impoverished: 68.8 percent of the Indian population lives on less than $2 per day. Over 30 percent live on less than $1.25 a day, classifying them as extremely poor. As a result, the Indian subcontinent is one of the poorest countries in the world, with women and children bearing the brunt of the burden.
MAIN REASONS– The population has grown at a staggering rate of 2.2 percent per year during the last 45 years. Every year, around 17 million individuals are added to the population, significantly increasing demand for consumer products, which is followed by low productivity in agriculture due to lack of capital, subdivided and fragmented holdings, use of traditional methods of cultivation, illiteracy, etc. Low productivity results in an increase in price rise and the poor becoming poorer. The price rise benefits a smaller section of people and persons with lower income find it difficult to fulfill their basic requirements. In India, there is chronic unemployment and underemployment as a result of the country’s ongoing population growth. Rather than an increase in work prospects, the number of job seekers is expanding at a faster rate. There are two types of unemployment: educated unemployment and disguised unemployment. Poverty is simply a symptom of unemployment. Our country’s social structure is very backward in comparison to the rest of the world, and it is not conducive to faster progress. The caste system, inheritance law, inflexible traditions, and customs are impeding speedier progress and exacerbating the poverty problem. From the outset of our independence, our development plans have been influenced by political objectives.
STEPS TAKEN AND WHAT CAN BE DONE– Since India’s independence government has taken various steps to eradicate poverty. This includes programs to provide subsidy, bank credit, employment, food security, housing, good economic infrastructure, and pensions. But a numerous more steps can be taken to make India poverty free. Goovernment should reduce inequality of income and keep a check on concentration of wealth followed by monetary policies. The present Public Distribution Systems(PDS) should be reorganised and extended to rural parts of country, Government should offer special discounts to attract private capital investment to backwards region. The government should take care of basic requirements like healthy food, clean water, primary medical facilities of the poor. Public sector should make expenditure on uplifting the weaker section. With this goverment should focus more on providing education, generating employment, and uplifting the agriculture sector as majority of population is dependent on agriculture.
CONCLUSION-Many initiatives have been developed by the Indian government.
schemes/programs to improve the lives of those who
falls into the BPL category However, the situation remains the same, with the poverty rate increasing year after year. India’s government
has to pay more attention to the poorer members of society
across the country in order to identify human fundamentals
right and a higher quality of life.
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