What is Mental Health?
Mental health refers to the behavioural and emotional well being. It is all about how people think, feel and behave. Mental health may effect daily life, relationships and physical health. This may also happen the other way. Our daily living, interpersonal relationships and physical health might also cause our mental health to degrade, if not taken proper care. People use the term mental health in order to mean the absence of a mental disorder.
“Mental health is a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.”According to the World Health Organisation(WHO)
The WHO stress that mental health is “more than just the absence of mental disorders or disabilities.” Peak mental health is about not only avoiding active conditions but also looking after ongoing wellness and happiness. Taking good care of mental health can restore and preserve a person’s joy and happiness and bring their life back to track. Stress, anxiety, pressure etc. can lead to mental disorders. Doctors say that most of the psychological disorders have physical roots.
Risk factors of mental illness:-
Mental illness can effect people of all age groups, no matter their sex, religion, caste or income. Few factors that may cause mental illness among students are mentioned below:
Ragging – Far from being harmless, induction and fun, ragging can have serious impact on student’s mental health. Nearly 4 out of 100 students pursuing higher education experience ragging.
Financial problems – Many students belong to a not so financially stable background, therefore has to stop studying or take loans to continue. Our society promotes the idea of immediately entering colleges right after schooling and start a career. Unfortunately that creates pressure and causes mental illness.
Pressure to succeed – Constant worry over career choices, chooseing wrong major, ending up in an unsatisfied college, not knowing what to do with the degree and struggle to fit in can pile up on them.
Excessive use of social media – Even social media posts can harm a person’s self esteem nowadays by causing them to compare themselves to others’ seemingly perfect lives.
There are many other reasons for mental health disruption. Above mentioned were a few which causes uneasiness in students mental health.
Common Mental Disorders:-
Anxiety disorders – People with these conditions have severe fear or anxiety, which relates to certain objects or situations. Most people with an anxiety disorder will try to avoid exposure to whatever triggers their anxiety.
Mood disorders – People with these conditions have significant changes in mood, generally involving either mania, which is a period of high energy and elation, or depression.
Schizophrenia disorder – Signs of schizophrenia typically develop between the ages of 16 and 30 years, according to the NIMH. The individual will have thoughts that appear fragmented, and they may also find it hard to process information.
Consequences of neglecting mental illness:-
Physical Health – The mind copes with stress in different ways. Living with a mental illness isn’t easy. It increases the risk of strokes, heart attack and obesity. While mental illness might be in your brain, it affects your entire body.
Quality of Life – Student life is the best to be enjoyed. Mental illness can make it difficult to cope with every day life. Severe depression makes it difficult to get out of bed, let alone get dressed and out of the house to school.
Academic Achievement – Mental health problems can affect a student’s energy level, concentration, dependability, mental ability, and optimism, hindering performance. Depression has also been linked to students dropping out of schools and colleges.
Use of drugs and Social isolation – Poor mental health creates a negative impact on relationships with family and friends. Smoking and consumption of drugs and alcohols helps them isolate further away from the society.
Suicide – Untreated mental illness clouds your judgment, making you believe that there is no way out. This results in self harm or suicide.
There are various methods for managing mental health problems. Treatment is highly individual, and what works for one person may not work for another. The society we live in is too narrow minded to accept these issues as a disorder which needs a treatment. One should keep away this mentality and seek treatment at the stage itself. The treatments include:-
Psychotherapy / Talking therapy – his type of treatment takes a psychological approach. The therapist talks to the person suffering and tries to get to the roots and solves the issue.
Medication – Some people take prescribed medications, such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, and anxiolytic drugs.
Self help – Self help should always be along, no matter whatever treatment you seek. The one facing difficulty should try and improve their lifestyle. Such changes might include reducing alcohol intake, sleeping more and eating a balanced diet.
We all know mental health is just as important as one’s physical health. The word mental health is considered a taboo in our society in the eyes of elderly. Many of us never seek help which leads to more serious health issues. The worst thing is that most of the students are suicide baited and bullied so relentlessly they are convinced that e only way to end their misery is to end their lives. At last, I would like to conclude by pointing out that counselling, therapy or seeking out professional help for yourself isn’t bad. It doesn’t signify that you re weak. Schools and colleges should have resident therapist in their campus. A broken bone may heal in 8-10 weeks but if a person is emotionally broken, it can take years to heal.