National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) was enacted by the legislation on August 25,2005. But it was renamed as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) on 2nd October 2009.
” The aim of this scheme is to enhance livelihood security of the household in rural areas of the country by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed employment in every financial year of every household whose adult member volunteer to do the unskilled work.”
The MGNREGA has positive impact on the empowerment and employment pattern of women. Under this scheme, the women can also get wages for the 100 days, because of their taking part in this.
Women participation has increased significantly and perceived it giving them a sense of independence and security. During the year 2013-14, 3.8 crores household were given employment and a total of 135 crores person-days of employment have been produced.
“The MGNREGA programme is the largest and most ambitious social security and public works programme in the world.”
It is seen that MGNREGA covered all poor sections of the rural society irrespective of castes,genders or social orders. It is also observed that this project enhanced income as well as savings of rural households.
MGNREGA has increased the real GDP of the Indian economy as well as household income and real consumption budget.