🌟Before the European discovery of America three centres of civilisation existed there in Mexico in Central America and in peru in South America.
🌟The Maya,the Inca and the Aztec Civilizations were highly advanced.
🌟There were several statin each of these areas of civilisation.
🌟Well organized and strong governments existed.
🌟Around the eleventh century, large cities formed into a league of Mayapan (centre of Maya civilisation of native American Indians).
🌟For over hundred years the League of Mayapan lasted.Though Mayapan was destroyed towards the close of twenty century, other cities continued.
🌟Aztecs from Mexico conquered the Maya County in the fourteenth century and founded their capital city of Tenochtitlan.
🌟For nearly two hundred years the Aztecs ruled their empire.
🌟In the sixteenth century when the Aztecs were at the height of their power, the whole empire collapsed before a handful of adventures led by a Spaniards named Hernan Cortes.
🌟Mexican Civilisation collapsed. With the great city of Tenochtitlan also perished.
🌟This is one of the world’s worst genocides. The other famous Conquistador was also a Spaniard by name Francisco Pizarro.
🌟He led the conquest of the Incan Empire. Later the Spaniards made peru a part of their dominions.
🌟By the late 18th century, demand for political freedom, administrative autonomy and economic self – determination was articulated throughout Latin America.
🌟There were bloody conflicts between Haitian slaves, colonists, the armies of the British and the French colonizers.
🌟These struggles led by Toussaint L’Ouverture during 1791-1804 ended in the Haitain people’s independence from the colonial control of France.
🌟Haiti thus became the first Caribbean country to throw off slavery and French colonial control.
🌟When the world War ll broke out, the United Party spilt on the issue of South African support for British in the war against Germany.
🌟Smuts opposed Nazism and wanted South Africa to help Britain. Herzog was sympathetic towards Hitler, and favoured a policy of neutrality.
🌟The Parliament, however, decided in favour of war,and Herzog resigned.
🌟Smuts continued to function as the Prime Minister until 1948, With the passing away of Herzog, many in the party led by him joined the Nationalists.
🌟The 1948 election gave the Reunified National Party a majority over the truncate United Party.