Yell for a better participation
There is a great need for judicial reform but does artificial intelligence and modern technology have played a great role in enhancing it? In the 21st century where the world is turning towards technology modernization digitization, how could the judiciary survive in a country with centuries-old systems where people are suffering from the pendency of cases and which is increased due to the breakout of the Novel Corona virus pandemic? In India judiciary has indicated growth remarkable for sight for adopting artificial intelligence. The E-Committee for the National Judiciary of India was first solidified back in the year 2004 with the objectives (ICT) and enablement of the Indian Judiciary System. Back then E-Committee has introduced two phases of the e-courts Project:
• Phase I:- It focused on the basics of digitization, set up of hardware, assuring internet availability and accessibility, digitization of cases and their records and operation of the e- court fora.
• Phase II:- It provided independent operation and catered to the need of the litigants, such as (NJDG) means National Judicial Data Grid, which helps permit citizens to check pendency cases across the country via virtual courts, e-Seva Kendra, and the e-court services App.
Though the two phases phase I and phase II helped the judiciary becoming more efficient but are that sufficient enough? Or ceased to function in operating existing mechanisms and skills?
E-Court Phase III:- DVD (Draft Vision Document) endorsed a plan of action for phase III of the e-court Project. It aspires to adopt an ‘ecosystem approach’ where systems are interacting with one another, it also suggested certain ambitions such as the registry of case laws, scheduling, a repository of cases, a digital case management system, the interoperability Justice system, e-filing, and digital hearings.
All the above-mentioned features are based on the Artificial Intelligence System that will enable data-based decision making for judiciaries easier, the system also combines the substantial body of the judicial development to foster legal literacy.
What’s good about it?
(1) Database of legal Precedents- A freely available database for all legal precedence created by the Judiciary which will enable lawyers from all backgrounds to underwent high-quality legal researches and for literacy by permitting citizens to read judgment at a fair cost.
(2) Data Protection- It promises to capture the minimum personally identifiable data keeping the transient data in memory only and storing it in anonymity.
(3) Standardization- Presently, various other lower courts use other methods to categorize specific cases, usage of different ways and vocabulary, makes research difficult as in Shreya Singhal vs Union of India. It will also enable the interchange of data between many services and help to make research and operating easier.