Since The covid-19 pandemic several health care related programmes have been put on hold which is why the ICMR has warned India might not achieve the target to end AIDS by 2030. The warning comes in a study by the ICMR-National Institute of Medical Statistics, Division of Strategic information – Surveillance and Epidemiology, and the National AIDS Control Organization under the ministry of health and family welfare. Also achieving the goal might be difficult because of the annual decline rate between 2010-2017 was found to be 27% as opposed to expected 75%. An estimated 2.1 million people were living with the AIDS virus, HIV, in 2017, with Maharashtra estimated to have the highest number. Telangana accounts for the largest share of new cases in the 88,000 that have been reported.
States with the highest number of people living with HIV in 2017 were Maharashtra (0.33 million), Andhra Pradesh (0.27 million) and Karnataka (0.24 million). Telangana, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar had between 0.2 and 0.1 million such patients.
The study highlighted that 15 states accounted for 87% of the total population of HIV-infected persons in 2017.
Another critical target to be achieved by 2020 was prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV virus. As per latest studies out of all cases 58.2% are on treatment as of 2018.
Rise of cases has been observed in low burden states such as Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya and Uttarakhand in 201y compared to 2010.