One of the most formidable challenges which our criminal justice system is facing today is the overcrowding of prisons. This century has witnessed a significant growth in the number of offenders brought before the court. It has became almost impossible to deal with such an oversized population in the prison in result it has placed a colossal burden on prison authorities as well as the government that must finance the confinement of such a large number of prisoners.
Prison privatization basically connects governments in need of more prison capacity with private corporations capable of providing such capacity. Local, state, and central governments accept bids from private companies to run prisons, jails, and detention centers. Private enterprises compete in theory to submit the best bid. In practice, the business is dominated by two major corporations, competition is restricted. The successful bidder then takes complete responsibility for running a prison’s day-to-day operations, including employing personnel, disciplining inmates, stocking supplies, and delivering legally mandated programming, among other things. The government pays the corporation in exchange. Because the paid fee is often less than the cost per inmate in a public prison or detention center, public agencies are encouraged to participate into such contracts in order to save money on correctional expenditures. The firm also bears legal accountability in the event of legal or constitutional challenges by taking over operational tasks. Prison privatization debates usually revolve around three issues: cost, quality, and morality.
After collecting several data from sources like National Crime Records Bureau, Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Informatics Center, Penal Reform and Justice Association, everything indicates that private prisons are seen to provide solid advantages but also with some drawbacks. However, some drawbacks because the risk will grow as the cost reduction become more dominant. Private prisons must meet certain standards in creating the regulatory and accountability mechanisms which will eventually regulate their operations. Private prisons can help improvement of the entire prison system if they’re properly regulated and held accountable to the general public.
Talking about the situation in India even though there will be multiple problems in such a diverse country there is great scope in India for privatization of prisons, with the overcrowded prison system and the increase in number of cases. Therefore, there ought to be a dedicated committee formed by the govt. in order to look into the possibility of the plan for India and the absolute best models that can be constructed to make sure that even when privatized, prisons of India treat prisoners with care and provide them with a mandatory quality of life and fulfill their basic rights.