TRANSPORTATION and Electricity Uses

Electricity is relatively  a clean safe form of energy  used properly, the generation and transmission of the electricity affects the environment in smaller or bigger ways. Mostly all types of electric based power plants have some effect on the environment, but some plants have way larger effects than others.Power plants are generally located inside, or next to an existing building, so the footprint is logically small. Most large power plants require bare or cleared land to build the power plant. However some power plants may also require access to roads, railroads, and pipelines for fuel delivery, electricity transmission lines, and cooling water supplies.  

Transportation is one among the very important sectors we cannot do without in the upcoming age and days. However, recent transportation work comes with a long list of problems including  environmental degradation, health implications (physical, emotional, mental)etc. In fact, the transportation sector contributes to 23% of the globe’s greenhouse gas emission resulting from fossil fuel burning. Out of the total greenhouse gas emissions, road transport contributes upto 75% and this value is expected to increase in the future if it continues like this. All of these put a lot of load on the governments to enforce policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. 

Electricity is broadly used by the mass public for the transit systems and by electric vehicles around the world. Electricity is used as a fuel by railway in many countries. Electricity is additionally wont to charge batteries for electric vehicles. As many countries frame policies to contain environmental pollution caused by burning of fossil fuels in transportation, vehicles that run on batteries are gaining prominence. So, electricity is seen as a serious contributor within the transition to greener transportation. According to a World Energy Outlook 2017 report published by the EIA, the share of electricity utilized in transportation is projected to double between 2015 and 2040, led by increase within the number of plug-in electric vehicles and rise in electricity usage for rail networks. However, the electricity use in transportation sector is estimated to occupy just 4% of total delivered electricity consumption in 2040. 

With quite 30 models of electrical passenger vehicles slated to enter the market within the next two years, questions on how a transition to electric “fuel” would be managed and the full costs and benefits of such a transition got to be addressed. Some studies indicate electricity could displace an outsized amount of U.S. oil consumption without adding electric generation capacity. Given the current U.S. electricity profile, using electric fuel also generates significantly fewer greenhouse gases per mile than gasoline with potential for greater improvement as more electricity is produced from renewable sources. Moreover, while significant grid management issues would need to be addressed, electric vehicles could have substantial economic value for reducing peak loads for electric utilities, managing excess off-peak capacity, and enabling greater use of renewable energy.

The use of electricity from renewable sources because the energy source for vehicles is an alternative choice to decarbonise the fuels utilized in the transport sector. in addition to decarbonising transport fuel use, electrification of the vehicle fleet has significant local environmental and health benefits, as electrification also will reduce local pollutant emissions.

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