Mahendra Singh Dhoni is a former Indian international cricketer who captained the Indian national team in limited-overs formats from 2007 to 2017 and in Test cricket from 2008 to 2014. Under his captaincy, India won the inaugural 2007 ICC World Twenty20, the 2010 and 2016 Asia Cups, the 2011 ICC Cricket tournament and therefore the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy. A right-handed middle-order batsman and wicket-keeper, Dhoni is one of the very best run scorers in One Day Internationals (ODIs) with quite 10,000 runs scored and is taken into account as an efficient “finisher” in limited-overs format. He’s widely considered to be one of the best wicket-keeper batsmen and captains within the history of the sport. He was also the primary wicket-keeper to effect 100 stumpings in ODI cricket.
Dhoni made his ODI debut on 23 December 2004 against Bangladesh, and played his first Test a year later against Sri Lanka. He has been the recipient of many awards, including the ICC ODI Player of the Year award in 2008 and 2009 (the first player to win the award twice), the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award in 2007, the Padma Shri, India’s fourth highest civilian honour, in 2009 and therefore the Padma Bhushan, India’s third highest civilian honour, in 2018. Dhoni was named the captain of the ICC World Test XI in 2009, 2010 and 2013. He has also been selected a record 8 times in ICC World ODI XI teams, 5 times as captain. The Indian territorial reserve conferred the honorary rank of Lieutenant Colonel to Dhoni on 1 November 2011. He’s the second Indian cricketer after Kapil Dev to receive this honour.
Dhoni also holds numerous captaincy records like the foremost wins by an Indian captain in ODIs and T20Is, and most back-to-back wins by an Indian captain in ODIs. He took over the ODI captaincy from Rahul Dravid in 2007 and led the team to its first-ever bilateral ODI series wins in Sri Lanka and New Zealand. In June 2013, when India defeated England within the final of the Champions Trophy in England, Dhoni became the primary captain to win all three ICC limited-overs trophies (World Cup, Champions Trophy and also the World Twenty20). After usurping the Test captaincy in 2008, he led the team to series wins in New Zealand and therefore the Windies, and also the Border-Gavaskar Trophy in 2008, 2010 and 2013. In 2009, Dhoni also led the Indian team to first position for the primary time within the ICC Test rankings.
In 2013, under Dhoni’s captaincy, India became the first team in more than 40 years to whitewash Australia in an exceedingly Test series. Within the Indian Premier League, he captained the Chennai Super Kings to victory in the 2010, 2011 and 2018 seasons, together with wins within the 2010 and 2014 editions of Champions League Twenty20. In 2011, Time magazine included Dhoni in its annual Time 100 list of the “Most Influential People within the World.” Dhoni holds the post of Vice-President of India Cements Ltd., after resigning from Air India. India Cements is the owner of the Indian Premier League team Chennai Super Kings, and Dhoni has been its captain since the first IPL season in 2008. He announced his retirement from Tests on 30 December 2014.
In 2012, SportsPro rated Dhoni the sixteenth most marketable athlete within the world. He is the co-owner of Indian Super League team Chennaiyin FC. In June 2015, Forbes ranked Dhoni at 23rd within the list of highest paid athletes within the world, estimating his earnings at US$31 million. In 2016, a biopic M.S. Dhoni: The Untold Story was made on his life and his cricket career up to the Indian team’s win at the 2011 Cricket tourney.
Dhoni announced his retirement from international cricket on 15 August 2020.
RECORDS HELD BY MS DHONI
- He is the only skipper to win three ICC trophies—ICC World T20, ICC World Cup and ICC Champions Trophy.
- Dhoni has scored 3,454 runs as Test skipper, the highest among wicketkeeper captains.
- He holds a record for the most number of dismissals—six (five catches, one stumping)—by an Indian wicketkeeper in an ODI innings.
- He dismissed 444 batsmen in ODIs, most by an Indian wicketkeeper (321 catches, 123 stumpings).
- He holds the record for most sixes by a wicketkeeper (229) in ODIs.
- He has 91 dismissals in T20Is (57 catches and 34 stumpings), the most by a wicketkeeper.
- He has made 195 stumpings in international cricket (123 ODIs, 38 Tests and 34 T20Is), the most by a wicketkeeper.
- Dhoni has smashed 217 sixes in IPL, the most by a wicketkeeper.
- Dhoni smashed an unbeaten 183 against Sri Lanka at Jaipur in 2005, the highest by a wicketkeeper in ODIs.
- He is the only Indian wicketkeeper to score a double ton (224) in Tests.