Transport sector is one of the major polluters of the pollution caused by fossil fuel. Petroleum is the most consumed fossil fuel by the transport sector. IC engines which burn this fuel have ruled the automobile sector for decades. But a welcoming decision is being taken by many nations around the world as they are planning to phase out petrol,diesel and hybrid cars in coming decades.
But, Who can replace them?
They are planning to replace them with electric vehicles which run on battery and motor. Unlike IC engine based vehicles, EVs don’t emit any greenhouse gases as they run on electricity. But they will continue to contribute to pollution until power stations that provide electricity get rid of fossil fuel. It should be noted that fossil fuel contributes to more than 70% of total energy supply that is met by power stations. So technically EVs are burning fossil fuel indirectly. But the good thing about EV is, it stops the urban pollution caused by transportation thus giving more breathable air to the people in urban locations.
Green source of energy
Switching the power stations to greener energy is capital intensive. Because, the availability of green energies such as sun and wind are intermittent in nature. So an energy storage system is required to meet the demand for a 24*7 operation. The energy system which usually uses expensive battery technology is making renewable energy less preferable for operations. Luckily, with current advancements in battery storage technology, the price is expected to fall in the coming years.
Change in lifestyle
Unlike IC engine based vehicles, EVs are suffering from range anxiety and charging time issues. In the EV industry the fuel capacity is calculated in terms of distance covered per charge which is usually 1/3 of the total fuel capacity of IC engine based vehicles. In addition, the time taken to fill the fuel tank of an Internal Combustion engine vehicle is negligible when compared to time taken to charge the battery of an Electric Vehicle. Hence, people have to learn to adapt to the new type of transport system the EVs would create.
Co-operation of the three
The cooperation between government, corporate and people is necessary for adoption of a pollution free transport system. The government has to frame a policy that would enhance the adoption of a pollution free transport system while it should also provide financial assistance by giving subsidies to support people and producers. The existing automobile giants should switch to the manufacturing of EVs soon. The people may be subjected to adoption of restrictions caused by electric vehicles.