Acidification of Ocean causes Coral ‘Osteoporosis’

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It has been long since the scientists have been suspecting ocean acidification being the cause of affecting corals’ capacity of forming their skeletons. They were not able to isolate the effect as continuous heating of ocean temperatures due to warmer weather also contributed to effect on coral growth. The scientists of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution came up with new study according to which certain impact of acidification of ocean on reef was seen. The study was funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation which was later published in Geophysical Research Letters. In this study, scientists showed a remarkable reduction in coral skeletons’ density due to continuously increasing acidity since the 1950s, of the Great Barrier Reef which is one of the largest coral reef systems in the world.  

Because of the declining pH of the ocean (turning more acidic), the animals like corals are finding it difficult to build their skeletons as acidification of the ocean leads to less density, taking away coral’s strength in the same way as osteoporosis withers human’s bones. The scientists say that it can be easily detected just by seeing them that they are not stronger anymore and it will heavily affect the reef and break it.

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