The effect of climate change on Indian monsoon

Agriculture is the most popular occupation in India. The Indian farmers wait year long for monsoon to come and nurture their crops with some precipitation. The monsoon rainfall is highly beneficial for crops like rice, maize and pulses. However, the monsoon season in India has changed dramatically since the last decade. The 21st century monsoon is quite different from that of the 20th century. This new monsoon is characterized by volatile and erratic rainfall patterns.

North East gets less monsoon rainfall - Pratidin Time

The monsoon rainfall has become quite unpredictable. The rainfall is too heavy in some parts of the country which often leads to floods, landslides and water-logging. And the cause of such erratic rainfall pattern is climate change. The earth’s surface is getting heated up day by day as the amount of green house gases in the atmosphere is increasing.

The greenhouse gases like methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide traps earth’s heat and do not let it escape the earth’s atmosphere. These greenhouse gases are emitted from industries. After the industrial revolution, the concentration of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere has increased leading to the heating up of the earth’s surface. Greenhouse gases are also produced due to burning of fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and natural gas. They are also increased by human activities like deforestation.

The more the earth’s atmosphere gets heated up, the more intense the rainfall becomes. Too heavy rainfall is not good for some crops like cereals. Also waterlogging can effect plant growth as it deprives the plants of oxygen and nitrogen.

The western countries are mostly responsible for the emission of greenhouse gases as the primary occupation in those developed countries is industrialization. And the developing countries like India are bearing the brunt of rapid industrialization as their primary occupation is agriculture. If crops are not grown, then it will have a serious effect on the country’s economy. Poor farmers would suffer whose livelihood depends on harvesting and selling crops. The farmers would have no income and their families would starve. It is high time that the government takes this case into consideration and cuts down the emission of greenhouse gases.

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