Central Bureau of Investigation
• Origin as Special Police Establishment (SPE) – set up in 1941.
• Purpose: Investigate bribery and corruption in
transactions with the War & Supply Department of India during World War II.
Delhi Special Police Establishment (DPSE) Act,1946
• Transferred the superintendence of the SPE to the Home Department.
• Jurisdiction of the DPSE:
Extended to all the Union Territories.
Could be extended to the States with the
consent of the State Government.
• 1963 Home Ministry resolution: SPE became the
Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)
• Purpose: To investigate
Serious crimes related to Defence of India, corruption in high places, serious fraud etc.
Hoarding, black marketing and profiteering in essential commodities.
• At present, employees of public sector undertakings come under CBI purview.
• 1969 nationalisation of the banks: employees of Public Sector Banks come under the ambit of the CBI.
• Superintendence of CBI:
Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) – for
investigation of offences under the Prevention
of Corruption Act, 1988.
Department of Personnel & Training (DOPT) in the Ministry of Personnel, Pension & Grievance -for all other matters.
Three divisions of CBI:
• Anti-Corruption Division
Investigates cases under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
Against public officials and the employees of Central Govt, PSUs, Bodies controlled by the GoI etc.
• Economic Offences Division
Investigates major financial scams and serious economic frauds.
Crimes related to Fake Indian Currency Notes, Bank Frauds and Cyber Crime.
• Special Crimes Division
Investigates serious, sensational and organized crime under the IPC and other laws.
Based on the requests of State Govts or on the orders of the SC and High Courts.
• CBI needs the prior consent of State to exercise of powers and jurisdiction in the State.
SC and HCs can order investigation without the consent of the state.