CHILD TRAFFICKING

Introduction

In India child trafficking is a very serious issue. This is happening because there are a number of people who fall under the poverty level category and it is usually this demographic that is subject to child trafficking. The majority of the country’s trafficking problem is internal. This means that usually the most unprivileged families and disadvantaged people of the countries like the Dalits, religious minorities, tribal community members, and girls from different minority groups etc have to face this. Due to poor socio-economic situations, people take advantage of the poor parents and thereby leaving their children into such trafficking rings. The parents from these poor backgrounds assume that the children are going to live in better conditions but in reality, the children are kidnapped and taken advantage of.

What is child trafficking

Child trafficking is a practice where children are taken away from their family and later they are forced to beg on streets, do some form of work, used for sex or simply sold.

Child trafficking is linked to demand for cheap labour, especially where the working conditions are poor. Children are forced to do many dangerous stunts and also in illegal situations. Such works include slavery, domestic labour, sexual exploitation or prostitution, drug couriering and being turned into child soldiers. Those children are exposed to many dangerous situations like working in hazardous environments. Many are also denied the chance to reach their full potential because they don’t get an education or have the freedom to make their own choices. Children become separated from their families. They are left without protection and are easy prey for traffickers to exploit either by force or with false promises.

How many children are affected by child trafficking?

It is estimated that almost 21 million people are trapped in forced labour or slavery among which one in every four people are under the age of 18.

Almost 5.5 million children are victims of child trafficking around the world. They suffer violence, exploitation and abuse – ending up in work, forced marriage, prostitution, begging and armed recruitment.

Causes of child trafficking

Poverty
Poverty is one of the main causes of child trafficking. Poor parents were sometimes forced to abandon their children in the hands of traffickers assuming that they would lead a happy life.

Humanitarian Crises
Child trafficking is particularly prominent in areas struck by natural disasters.The countries where human rights are violated have a higher rate of child trafficking.

Lack of Education
Illiteracy and the lack of education make families more vulnerable to traffickers.

Absence of Birth Registration
The children whose births were never registered are the most threatened.

Lucrative Activity
Child trafficking is extremely lucrative.

International Adoption
International adoption is very common among infertile couples. Traffickers and dishonest adoption agencies take these advantages and they don’t get much trouble finding potential clients.

Use of Children
Children are sold for the purposes of sexual exploitation, begging, soliciting, or for forced marriages. Their life comes to risk while doing construction work, working in factories, or are employed as domestic servants. Children are given a substantial sum of money to parents waiting to adopt.The sale of child organs is also a very infamous practice done by the traffickers. To earn a good living, many children agree to sell one of their kidneys for money.

Prevention of child trafficking

1. Foster the spread of education.
2. Spread awareness among parents and communities. …
3. Strict laws in place to prevent child trafficking. …
4. Encouraging business to not use child labour. …
5. We must support NGOs like Save the Children in the fight against trafficking.

http://www.ilo.org/ipec/facts/lang–en/index.htm

http://www.un.org/en/events/childlabourday

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