Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), sometimes known as “drones,” are aircraft that have been in use since the early 1900s but do not have human pilots. Drones’ role developed to include not only more specialised military activities but also civilian applications as the digital revolution brought in tiny microprocessors and the ability to communicate over vast distances. Drones are frequently equipped with a variety of sensors, including GPS navigation systems, TV cameras, image intensifiers, radars, infrared imaging devices, and lasers, to aid in round-the-clock monitoring and targeting. Drones used by the military are also outfitted with laser-guided missiles.
Drones are classified into several types.
A drone can operate in one of two modes:
Preprogrammed to run autonomously without human involvement or remotely operated by a pilot sitting in a faraway place.
Drones can be divided into two categories: surveillance drones and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
Drones with fixed wings and rotors.
The following are a few examples of drone applications in India:
Development of the city
•Drones are being used by the Andhra Pradesh government to monitor development efforts in the capital city region, namely Amaravati, through dron-ebased outputs.
•The Karnataka government is deploying drones as part of a pilot project to estimate property taxes and create a base map of a city or town for detailed planning and long-term governance.
•Drones have been used by the Chandigarh administration as part of a pilot project to gain an overhead view of all properties in the city.
•Drones were employed to monitor the 25-kilometer Seawoods-Belapur-Uran15 corridor by the Indian Railways.
•The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has used drones to check accuracy in the Salem-Chennai green corridor highway project.
•The Maharashtra government has deployed two drones as part of a trial project to monitor weekend rush hour traffic and accidents on the 95-kilometer section of the Mumbai-Pune Expressway between the Lonavala Exit and Khalapur Toll Plaza, as well as the six-lane Mumbai-Pune Expressway.
•In 2016, a general insurance firm used drones to analyse crop damage caused by floods in a specific district in Maharashtra.
•Drones were employed by the Maharashtra government above farms in the Marathwada region to estimate crop loss due to low rainfall.
•Drones are being used by individual farmers in Andhra Pradesh’s capital region to spray crop pesticides and fertilisers in limited crop zones.
Management of Natural Disasters
•In flood-ravaged Uttarakhand, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) used four drones to scan areas where search and rescue crews couldn’t get to.
•In Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, the National Disaster Relief Force deployed drones to track down 24 engineering students from Hyderabad who were swept away by the Beas river.
•Several agencies used drones to seek for survivors to document toppled monuments, shattered heritage sites, and destroyed homes during the Nepal earthquake.
Drone technology implementation necessitates a collaborative and inclusive approach that includes governance, strategic planning, security, legislation, and correct awareness. The successful adoption of drone technology necessitates the involvement of a variety of stakeholders.