Cows, tigers, lions, elephants, horses, bulls, snakes, and monkeys are all revered in Hindu mythology. The Vedas, Hinduism’s early writings (written in the second millennium BCE), preach ahimsa, or nonviolence, to all living things. In Hinduism, killing an animal is considered a violation of ahimsa and results in negative karma. However, while people display their devotion to deities and the animals associated with them in temples, animals are also subjected to cruelty in places such as circuses.
The Indian Constitution contains several laws for the safety, protection, and punishment of animals, including the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Slaughterhouse) Rules, 2001, the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, and the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (PCA Act), to name a few. Among other Regulations and Acts of the Indian Constitution, Article 48A, Article 51A(g), Sections 428 and 429 of the IPC establish rules against animal cruelty. Animal sacrifice is prohibited in all parts of the country, according to Rule 3 of the Slaughterhouse Rules, 2001. In addition, the Central Bureau of Investigation investigates specific wildlife offences (CBI).
Following the Covid 19 incident, numerous incidents have surfaced exposing the brutality of the human mind, the most recent of which being A suo motu case initiated by the Kerala High Court on animal cruelty will now take the name of Bruno, a Labrador dog reportedly slain by three teenagers in the State. In Gujarat, a stray dog was mercilessly thrashed and carried 500 metres by a two-wheeler.
A dog raped with a screwdriver in Goa, a langur hung and tortured to death in Telangana, and a street dog assaulted, tied to a motorbike, and then thrown over the second floor of a building in Ludhiana are just a few of the heinous crimes against animals that have been documented. How about the pregnant elephant who died in Kerala when suspected firecrackers disguised in fruit detonated in her mouth? On March 28, 2021, a man was seen on CCTV assaulting a stray dog in Naya Nagar, Goregaon West, Mumbai; however, no police case was filed.
Molesting a stray dog in Goregaon West, Mumbai; however, no police case was filed.
The Supreme Court of India recognised the Right to Life as enshrined in Article 21 of the Constitution of India to include animals in a case titled Animal Welfare Board of India v. Nagraja&Ors. In 2014. The Supreme Court of Nepal banned the unlawful transport of cattle to Nepal for the Gadhimai festival in 2014, which helped to reduce the number of animals killed that year. In the case of Karnail Singh and others against State of Haryana, the High Court of Punjab and Haryana recognised all creatures in the animal world, including avian and aquatic species, as legal beings on May 31st, 2019.
All inhabitants of Haryana have been designated as persons in loco parentis (in the place of a parent), allowing them to act as guardians for all nonhuman animals in the state.
The only way to bring these activities back to normal is to enact stronger rules and provide legal protection for animals. This is the first step toward achieving a mindset shift in order to build a society in which animals are treated equally to humans.