Powers and functions of the President of India

Executive Powers :

🌟He appoints the Prime Minister and the other members of the Council of Ministers, distributing portfolios to them on the advice of the Prime Minister.
🌟The appointment of Governors of the States, the Chief Justice and other Judge of the Supreme Court and high Courts,the attorney General,the Comptroller and Auditor General, the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners the Chairman and other Members of the Union Public Service Commission Ambassadors and high Commissioners to other countries.
🌟He is the Supreme commander of the defense force of India,in this capacity the president appoint Army,Navy,and Air chiefs.

Legislative Powers :

🌟He inaugurates the session of the parliament in addressing it after the General election and also at the beginning of the first session each year.
🌟All bills passed by the Parliament become “Laws of Acts” only after getting assent of the President.
🌟Money bills cannot be introduced in the parliament without his approval. President terminates the sessions of both or any of the House of Parliament. He can even dissolve the Lok Sabha before the expiry of the term of the House.
🌟He nominates 12 persons to the Rajya Sabha and two persons belonging to Anglo – Indian Community.

Financial Powers:

🌟Money bill can be introduced in the Parliament only with his prior recommendation.
🌟The annual Budget of the is presented before the Lok Sabha only with the permission of the President.


🌟He can make advances out of the contingency fund of India to meet any unexpected expenditure.
🌟He constitutes a finance commission after every five years to recommend the distribution of revenue between the centre and the State .

Judicial Powers:

🌟Article 72 confers on the President Powers to grant pardons,replies,respite or the sentence of any person convicted of an offence.
🌟The President is not answerable to any court of law for excercise of his/her power.

Military Powers:

🌟Article 53(2) lays down that “the Supreme commander of the Defense Force ofv5he Union shall be vested in the President and the excercise thereof shall be regulated by law “.
🌟The President is thus declared to be the Supreme Commander of the defense Force of the country.

Diplomatic Powers:

🌟The President appoints Indian diplomats to other countries and receives foreign diplomats posted to India.
🌟The ambassador designate becomes ambassador after calling on the President and presenting his credentials.

Emergency Powers:

🌟The President has been empowered by 5he Constitution to proclaim Emergency.
🌟Article 352 confres power on the President to make a proclamation of Emergency on the grounds of war ,external aggression,or armed rebellion. This is known as National Emergency.


🌟Article 356 confres power on the President to make a proclamation of State Emergency by declaring that the Government in a state cannot be run on in accordance of the provisions of the Constitution.
🌟Under Article 360, the President is vested with the power to proclaim Financial Emergency, if he is satisfied that the financial stability or,the credit of India or any part of India is threatened, by any reason.

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