Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most frequent invasive cancer in women, and after lung cancer, it is the second largest cause of cancer death in women.

Breast cancer can start in a variety of places in the breast. Lobules, ducts, and connective tissue are the three primary components of a breast. The glands that generate milk are known as lobules.

The ducts are tubes that transport milk from the breast to the nipple. Everything is held together by connective tissue, which is made up of fibrous and fatty tissue. Breast cancer usually starts in the ducts or lobules.

Breast cancer can spread to other parts of the body via blood and lymph vessels. Breast cancer is said to have metastasized when it spreads to other regions of the body.

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Since 1989, advances in breast cancer detection and treatment have drastically improved survival rates. There are more than 3.1 million breast cancer survivors in the United States, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS). A woman’s likelihood of dying from breast cancer is about 1 in 38. (2.6 percent ).

According to the American Cancer Society, 268,600 women will be diagnosed with invasive breast disease in 2019 and 62,930 persons will be diagnosed with noninvasive cancer.

Breast cancer will kill 41,760 women in the United States this year, according to the American Cancer Society. Breast cancer fatality rates have been declining since 1989, thanks to breakthroughs in treatment.

The need of screening and being aware of the symptoms are both significant methods to reduce the risk. Breast cancer can afflict men in rare cases, but this article will focus on breast cancer in women. Here’s where you can learn more about breast cancer in men.

SYMTOMS OF BREAST CANCER

The initial signs of breast cancer are usually a thicker tissue area in the breast, a lump in the breast, or a lump in the armpit.

1)Other signs and symptoms include:

2)Armpit or breast soreness that doesn’t go away with the monthly cycle

3)Pitting or redness of the breast skin, resembling the surface of an orange

4)A rash on one of the nipples or around it

5)A nipple discharge, potentially including blood

6)A nipple that is sunken or inverted

7)A change in the breast’s size or shape

8)The skin on your face is peeling, flaking, or scaling.

The size of the tumour and whether it has spread to lymph nodes or other regions of the body are used to classify cancer.

Breast cancer can be staged in a variety of ways. From stage 0 through 4, with subdivided categories at each numbered level, is one way.

The four basic stages are described here, while the precise substage of a cancer may be determined by other tumor characteristics, such as the presence of the HER2 receptor.

CAUSES OF BREAST CANCER

Fat, connective tissue, and thousands of lobules make up a woman’s breast after puberty. Breastfeeding milk is produced by these small glands. Milk travels to the nipple through tiny tubes called ducts.

Cancer produces uncontrollable cell proliferation. They do not die at the expected time in their lives.

Because the tumour consumes nutrition and energy, it deprives the cells around it, resulting in cancer.

Breast cancer is most commonly found in the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that provide milk to them. It can then spread to other areas of the body.

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THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF BREAST CANCER

Ductal carcinoma is the most prevalent type of cancer that starts in the milk duct.
Lobular carcinoma is a type of cancer that begins in the lobules.


When cancer cells burst out from inside the lobules or ducts and invade adjacent tissue, it is called invasive breast cancer. This makes it more likely for cancer to spread to other places of the body.

Noninvasive breast cancer occurs when the cancer has not migrated beyond its original location. However, these cells can proceed to aggressive breast cancer in some cases.

It is impossible to avoid breast cancer. Certain lifestyle choices, on the other hand, can greatly reduce the risk of breast cancer and other cancers.

These are some of them:

limiting your alcohol consumption

following a nutritious diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables

obtaining enough physical activity

keeping a healthy BMI (body mass index) (BMI)

Breastfeeding and the use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) after menopause should both be considered because they can increase the risk.

For women who are at a high risk of breast cancer, preventive surgery is also an option.

The Breast Cancer Healthline app connects users to an online breast cancer community where they may interact with others and receive advice and support through group discussions.