1999 Super Cyclone

The 1999 super cyclone was the foremost intense recorded tropical cyclone within the North Indian Ocean and among the foremost destructive within the region. The 1999 Odisha cyclone organized into a tropical depression within the Andaman Sea on 25 October, though its origins might be traced back to a neighborhood of convection within the Sulu Sea four days prior. The disturbance gradually strengthened because it took a west-northwesterly path, reaching cyclonic storm strength subsequent day. Aided by highly favorable conditions, the storm rapidly intensified, attaining super cyclonic storm intensity on 28 October, before peaking on subsequent day with winds of 260 km/h . The storm maintained this intensity because it made landfall in Odisha on 29 October. The cyclone steadily weakened thanks to persistent land interaction and dry air, remaining quasi-stationary for 2 days before slowly drifting offshore as a way weaker system; the storm dissipated on 4 November over the Bay of Bengal.
The storm was the foremost severe to strike Odisha within the 20th century, raking the state and adjacent areas with high storm surge, powerful winds, and torrential rainfall. The storm’s impacts exacerbated the damage caused by a really severe cyclone that struck an equivalent region but fortnight earlier. The 5–6 m surge brought water up to 35 km inland, carrying along side it coastal debris and inundating towns and villages. The surge combined with heavy rains to supply widespread flooding, damaging around 1.6 million homes and causing rivers to breach 20,005 flood embankments. The storm’s effects destroyed numerous crops, including sugar cane, rice, and other winter-time harvests. Although estimates of the price varied significantly—at times suggesting 30,000 fatalities—the Government of India enumerated 9,887 fatalities within the country, of which a majority were caused by storm surge; over 8,000 deaths occurred in Jagatsinghpur. the entire damage cost of the destruction wrought by the super cyclone amounted to US$4.44 billion.
The state of Odisha sustained the foremost catastrophic damage related to Cyclone BOB 06, which was considered the state’s severest cyclone of the 20th century. The damage was compounded by the sooner impact of a really severe cyclonic storm that struck nearby areas just 11 days earlier. Twelve districts of Odisha suffered severe damage, reporting complete breakdown of essential services: Balasore, Bhadrak, Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur, Keonjhar, Kendrapara, Khurda, Puri, Mayurbhanj, and Nayagarh. Among these, the blocks of Erasma and Kujang in Jagatsinghpur were the worst affected. In total, 12.9 million people were suffering from the storm; estimates for the storm’s price vary significantly, though the India Meteorological Department indicated that around 9,887 were killed, with a further 40 persons missing and a couple of ,507 others injured. the bulk of those deaths occurred in Jagatsinghpur. where 8,119 were killed.
Approximately 11,000 schools were either significantly damaged or destroyed. All major district roads within the area were either washed out or blocked by felled trees. In Bhubaneswar, 60% of trees were flattened by the winds and rain; aerial surveys revealed that the whole city was submerged by floodwaters. Adjacent areas were nearly stripped of all tree cover. Until 8 November, the town remained without power. The inundation induced by the far-reaching storm surge and heavy rain kept Konark submerged in knee-deep water for 6 days after landfall. Over the course of 4 days, the excessive rainfall caused the flooding of the Baitarani, Brahmani, Budhabalanga, Kharasua, and Salandi rivers, leading to 20,005 flood embankment breaches and therefore the damaging of 6 headworks. Thousands of individuals suffered chemical burns after the flooding mixed industrial chemicals into bathing ponds
Recovery efforts were extensive following the storm’s passage. the govt of India allocated ₹3 billion (US$69.3 million) to the Odisha government , supplementing earlier contributions made towards relief from the sooner cyclone. Various branches of the Indian soldiers were dispatched to assist the recovery efforts. Contributions from foreign governments amounted to just about US$13 million, with quite half allocated by the us . Alongside foreign and domestic government contributions, between 12 and 14 international aid agencies concurrently participated in relief efforts within the storm’s aftermath.

Categories: News