What is Law?
Law is a system of rules created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behaviour, with its precise definition a matter of longstanding debate. It has been variously described as a science and the art of justice. State-enforced laws can be made by a group legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes; by the executive through decrees and regulations; or established by judges through precedent, usually in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals may create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that adopt alternative ways of resolving disputes to standard court litigation. The creation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.
Given below are the various Definitions for law by most famous legal authors worldwide.
“Province of Jurisprudence Determined”
Duhaime’s Law Dictionary
“All the rules of conduct that have been approved by the government and which are in force over a certain territory and which must be obeyed by all persons on that territory (eg. the “laws” of Australia). Violation of these rules could lead to government action such as imprisonment or fine, or private action such as a legal judgement against the offender obtained by the person injured by the action prohibited by law. Synonymous to act or statute although in common usage, “law” refers not only to legislation or statutes but also to the body of unwritten law in those states which recognize common law”
Greek philosopher Plato and Aristotle
“An embodiment of Reason”, whether in the individual or the community’.
“By ‘particular’ law mean that which an individual community lays down for itself; and by ‘universal’ law I mean the law of nature. For there is a natural and universal notion of right and wrong, one which all men instinctively apprehend.”
Importance of Law in our Society:-
The law is a set of proper guidelines and orders accepted by the society as a norm of conduct for citizens. It is the pivot of the society and the citizens follow according to it. Without the existence of a law, there would be the situation of chaos and conflicts among communities and social groups. Law is man-made and is very important as it introduces justice to the society. There must be ground rules and principles set for modulation of society and its proper conduction. Law has helped society and its citizens in each and every aspect of life. Due to laws, there have been changes brought to our society like- abolition of practices like Sati, child marriage, dowry, etc.
- Law can provide justice to the victims and punish those who are responsible for unlawful actions.
- In courts, a law is used to settle conflicts among the people.
- The main function of law is to ensure all-round development of people by providing security, peace, and protection.
- Without law, people were free to do anything they wish. But, a law has imposed certain limitations and restrictions that have to be followed by each and every citizen. Failing or violation of which would be a punishable offense.
- An example of the role of law in our lives is Health Insurance. Nowadays people are able to secure their lives just because of law.
- It is the law that is responsible for the behaviour of people among each other. Without it, there would be actions like stealing, damaging one’s property, hurting one’s sentiments, etc.