India is the land various cultures, traditions. It is a cluster of various people who follow different lifestyles. With each different lifestyle there comes different dance tradition which goes back to their ancestors. Following are various dance forms of different states of the country.
Earlier known as Sadir or Dasi Attam it is a dance form of Tamil Nadu widely popular in southern India. It has grown out of the art of dancers dedicated to temples. Bharatanatyam rests on principles of performance and an aesthetics set down in classics such as Bharata’s Natyashastra. It has a rich repertoire of songs in Telugu, Tamil and Sanskrit.
It is the principal dance of northern India, and is widely practised in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, and even parts of western and eastern India today. It is believed to be connected with the narrative art of Kathakaras or story-tellers who have expounded the scriptures, the epics Ramayana and Mahabharata, and puranic literature to the lay masses since ancient times.
This dance form originated in Orissa, performed as part of temple service by ‘maharis’ or female temple servants.The traditional dance was remoulded as a theatre art towards the middle of the twentieth century with reference not only to the existing dance art, but representation of dance in Orissa’s medieval sculpture, painting, and literature. In its remodelled form, Odissi dance has spread quickly across the country.
It is the dance form of Kerela, originated in the seventeenth century under the patronage of the prince of Karnataka, who wrote plays for performance drawn from the epic Ramayana in Malayalam, the language of the region. Stories from the Ramayana and Mahabharata provide the content of most Kathakali plays, which have come down to us in a steady stream over three centuries.
Manipuri dance, evolved in Manipur in north-eastern India, is anchored in the Vaishnava faith of the Meiteis, or people of the Manipur valley. The temples of Manipur are still among the principal staging venues of the dance
The Ghoomar dance is primarily performed by the female folk of Jaisalmer on special festive occasions.
It is a traditional dance form of Punjab with the accompaniment of short songs called boliyan and, most significantly, to the beat of a dhol(double-headed drum).