Science in education



Necessity is the mother of invention. When there is need, invention or discoveries take place. In this article we are going to discuss the history of science, different scholars, evolution theories and pedagogical aspects of science. 

Key points:

  • History of science and it’s evolution from the 5th century to the 21st century.
  • Scholars and their field of work
  • Evolution in theories 
  • Nature of science and philosophers 
  • Need of teaching and the pedagogies for the nature of science.


The history of science included evolution and new inventions of science. History of science showed progress in the process of thoughts and followed the vision. The nature of science consists of its systemized empirical facts and inferences, concepts, laws and theories. We discussed the theories of different philosophers and their facts. The pedagogies & curriculum of science should be more student-centric and focus on learning more about the environment.

History of science

The evolution of science in history is slow and dramatic. There were many  scholars like: Aryabhata, Pythagoras, chanakya, alhazen, Giordano Bruno, Galileo, Issac newton, jagadish chandtra bose, Prafulla Chandra Ray, Dr. mahendra lal sircar, C.V raman, Jamsetji and many other. They all have a vision to develop scientific temper in society. Nalanda university is the first great university in recorded history. The philosophers stand by the facts and give the proven reason about their theory. The mission and vision of the science in history to develop in society demolish the misconception and find new methods.

Nature of science & philosopher

What is the nature of science and its implication in the education system?  The thinker’s aimed to develop clear criteria to distinguish science from pseudoscience. He focused that the cognitive practices of scientist is thought dimension to understand nature of science. The evolution of the science also included in the nature of science. The science is growing and brings changes in itself. He also discussed the danger to humanity by science –based weapon of mass destruction. He put the light over the current consensus of science in which he described observations are not neutral, they are theory-laden. Observations determine the correct theory. 

Needs of teaching science 

It is also important to understand why we need to teach and or learn science and what to teach? 

So we need to learn science because science seeks to describe and explain the physical world based on empirical evidence. Science contains methods and approaches which help to lead to new inventions and discoveries. Scientific knowledge helps us as students to revise new evidence, theories and research. It also helps us to make scientific temperament in society and things more reasonable and justified.

Pedagogies for nature of science and curriculum

The pedagogies for the nature of science should be inquiry based. The teacher should encourage the students to develop curiosity so they can think and inquire. History of science – how the theories come into existence, how the idea comes in the theorist mind- could help them to understand the concept easily, for example the history of gravity and Sir Isaac Newton.

The curriculum should be less subjective and bookish. More day to day experiences should be included which leads to inductive thoughts. The curriculum should be more based on research, not comprehensives. 


  • Evolution of science has changed throughout the years..
  • Development of scientific temperament in society is the vision of the scientists and philosophers of science.
  • Nature of science always brings changes in itself.
  • The pedagogy for nature of science should be inquiry and history based approach.
  • The curriculum must be more related with daily life and research based.

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