Article 370

The sculptor and father of the Indian Constitution, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar wrote the Indian constitution by studying the constitutions of about 60 countries. There was special status to Jammu and Kashmir and the northern region of India given in Article 370 of the Indian constitution. The larger region of Kashmir has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since 1947.

British rules in India ends after the partition in 1947. Jammu and Kashmir ruler Hari Singh signed the instrument of accession of J & K following an attack by Pakistani armies for the fight between Pakistan and India. In 1948 the war ended with a resolution for the people of Jammu and Kashmir to decide whether the part of Pakistan or India. According to the signed document of Hari Singh, only defense, external affairs, and communications would be handed over to the Government of India. There was a separate flag and independence over all matters. Article 370 was therefore introduced in the constitution to preserve the specific terms under which
Kashmir had agreed to accede to India.

On 5 August 2019, the Parliament of India voted in favor of a resolution tabled by Home Minister Amit Shah to revoke the temporary special status, or autonomy, granted under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution to Jammu and Kashmir.

The most recent Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, Mehbooba Mufti called it the “blackest day of Indian democracy”. She felt that the Indian Parliament snatched away everything from the people of Jammu and Kashmir. The Indian Government justified this action by saying that this will help end violence. The member of the Lok Sabha for Ladakh constituency praised the abrogation of Article 370 and proposed the formation of separate Ladakh union territory.

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