“The Indian Supreme Court’s determination that transgender people constitute a Third Gender under the constitution, as well as recent laws, has considerably increased transgender people’s recognition and rights.”
Who is a transgender person?
Simply put, transgender people are individuals whose gender does not correspond to the gender assigned at birth. It encompasses transmen and transwomen, as well as those who identify as eunuchs because of their social culture.
In the Ancient Period, there were transgender people.Since the dawn of civilization, the eunuch has been a part of this subcontinent. Between 400 BCE and 400 CE, a treatise on human sexual behaviour was written. Hijras play a significant role in Hinduism, particularly during the Mahabharata and Ramayana periods.
By merging his bride into himself, Lord Shiva became half-woman, which is known as ardhanareshwar. In the eunuchs’ community, this storey is extremely important. Arjun took on the forms of eunuch as Viharnala and Shiikhandi during the Mahabharata and Ramayana periods, and they played major roles in the Mahabharata and Ramayana. When Lord Shri Ram returned from Vanvas, he bestowed a blessing to the Hijras. They are also said to be lucky for blessings.
In India, what is the status of transgender people?
Although transgender people have many rights, they are having trouble extending those basic civil rights. They are also human beings with the right to exist in a society rather than be ridiculed by their family and society. Their parents would disgrace them, and society would mock them. Our society restricts them to study, schools, health services, and access to parks and gardens, and retailers engage in unfair commercial practises with them, depriving them of respect and employment opportunities.
If a eunuch is born in a person’s home, they must immediately hand over to the eunuchs’ community. If a family retains their eunuch child in the house and attempts to educate them, the entire society begins to boycott their family, and people do not keep their eunuch in their family and shame them for the same reason.
One of those stories about movement among the people is that they are considered highly auspicious for a blessing since it is stated that when Shri Ram came from Vanvas, he granted a boon to the hijras, and it also appears that evil eyes of the eunuch are also considered very unfortunate.
Instructions to both the federal and state governments.
The court has issued the following directives to the federal and state governments:
1. In order to protect their fundamental rights, hijras and eunuchs should be recognised as third gender.
2. Recognizes the need for a person to recognise his or her own gender.
3. As a socially and educationally inferior class of citizens, reservations are made in public education and employment.
4. Making particular measures for transgender people in terms of HIV sero-surveillance and providing suitable health services.
5. Face their fears, gender dysporia, humiliation, sadness, suicidal impulses, and other issues.
6. Measures should be taken to give transgender persons with health treatment in hospitals, such as creating separate wards and providing them with separate public restrooms.
7. To increase public awareness so that transgender people feel that they are a part of society and are not considered as outcasts, implement social welfare programmes for their overall development.
These new regulations will not eliminate the discrimination that many transgender individuals (also known as hijra in India) face: many are shut out of mainstream jobs and society – to the point that certain hospitals have refused to treat them – and are frequently harassed by police. It is, nonetheless, a significant step forward, as legal recognition can help to foster better social acceptance and communal integration. The Supreme Court is also considering quotas to improve transgender people’s representation in work and education. As a result, we must adjust our attitude toward this community and show them respect and space.