National Highway in India

National Highway (NH):

  • National Highway form the most important system of road transportation in India.
  • These Highway are running through length and breadth of the country connecting capitals of states, major ports,raji junctions, industrial and tourist centers.
  • Ministry of Rosd Transport and Highway of India, is responsible for the development and maintenance.
  • The total length of the National Highway (NHs) in India is 1,01,011 km.
  • The longest National Highway is NH-7 which runs from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu covering a distance of 2369 km.
  • The shortest national Highway is NH-47 ,which runs from Ernakulam to Kochi port (Willington Island) covering a distance of 6 km.
Photo by Aleksejs Bergmanis on
  • State Highway:
  • The state Highway are usually roads that link important cities, towns and district headquarters within the state and connect them with National Highways or Highways of neighbouring states.
  • These roads are administrated and financed by state governments .
  • It runs to the length of 1,76,166 km as of 2016. District Roads:
  • District Roads provide connectivity between the District and taluk headquarters with the state Highway and national Highway .
  • They are contracted and maintained by the Public Works Department of the states.
  • The total length of the roads of his category is 5,61,940 km (16.80%) in 2016.
  • Rural Roads (Village Roads):

1.These Roads are vital providing links in the Rural areas.

  1. They are maintained by the Village Panchayats .
  2. The total length of Rural roads in India is 39,35,337 km as of 2016.
  3. Rural roads consist of Panchayat roads, of the pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) and those constructed by the states PWDs. Border Roads:
  4. These are the roads of strategic importance in Border areas. They are constructed and maintained by Border Roads of Organization.
  5. Border Roads Organization are constructed world’s highest roads joining Chandigarh and Leh in Ladakh .This road runs at an average altitude of 4,270 meters. Golden Quadrilateral:
  6. 5,846 km long road 4/6 lanes connecting, India’s four metropolitan cities: Delhi-Kolkatha-Chennai-mumbai-Delhi.
  7. This project was launched in 1999. North-South and East-West corridors:
  8. North-South corridors aims at connecting srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir with Kaniyakumari in Tamilnadu (including kochi-Salem Spur) with 4,076 km long road.
  9. The East – West corridor has been planned to connect silchar in Assam with the port Town of Porbandar in Gujarat with 3,640 km of road length.
  10. The two corridors intersect at Jhansi. Expressways:

These are multi – lane good quality Highway for high speed traffic. Some of the important expressways are;

  1. Mumbai – Pune road
  2. Kolkata – Dumdum Airport road
  3. Durgapu – Kolkata road
  4. Yamuna expressways between Delhi and Agra. International Highway:
  5. These are the roads that link India with neighbouring countries for promoting harmonious relationship with them.
  6. These Highway have been constructed with an aid from world Bank under an agreement with the Economic and Social Commission for Asia-Pacific (ESCAP).
  7. These roads connect important Highway of India with those of the neighbouring countries such as Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar.

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