Ludwig Guttmann

Sir Ludwig Guttmann born on 3rd July 1899 was a German- British neurologist . he was the one who established stokes Mandeville games , the sporting event for disabled which later evolved into Paralympics in England .he was a  Jewish doctor, who had fled Nazi Germany just before the start of the Second World War, he is considered to be one of the founding fathers of organized physical activities for people with disabilities. By 1952, more than 130 international competitors had entered the Stoke Mandeville Games. As the annual event continued to grow, the ethos and efforts by all those involved started to impress the organisers of the Olympic Games and members of the international community. In September 1943, the British government asked Guttmann to establish the National Spinal Injuries Centre at Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Buckinghamshire Guttmann became a naturalized British citizen in 1945.[18] He organized the first Stoke Mandeville Games for disabled war veterans, which was held at the hospital on 29 July 1948, the same day as the opening of the London Olympics. All participants had spinal cord injuries and competed in wheelchairs.[17] In an effort to encourage his patients to take part in national events, Guttmann used the term Paraplegic Games. At the 1956 Stoke Mandeville Games, Guttmann was awarded the Sir Thomas Fernley Cup by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for his meritorious achievement in service to the Olympic movement through the social and human value derived from wheelchair sports. He was also awarded with Fellow of the Royal society award.

In 1961, Guttmann founded the International Medical Society of Paraplegia, now the International Spinal Cord Society He was the inaugural president of the society, a position that he held until 1970.[20] He became the first editor of the journal, Paraplegia (now named Spinal Cord).[21] He retired from clinical work in 1966 but continued his involvement with sport.

Guttmann suffered a heart attack in October 1979, and died on 18 March 1980 at the age of 80.

Today on 3rd of July 2021 we are celebrating 122nd birthday of sir Ludwig Guttmann