Arab – Israeli Wars of 1967 and 1973

Arab – Israeli War 1967 🤺🤺:

🌟Ever since the formation of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), Israel came to be attacked frequently by Palestinian guerrilla groups based in Syria, Lebanon and Jordan.
🌟Israel restored to violent reprisals and in November 1966 an Israeli strike on the Village of Al – Samu in the Jordanian west Bank ,left 18 dead and 54 wounded.

🌟Israel’s air battle with Syria in April 1967 ended in the shooting down sis Syrian MiG fighter jets.
🌟In his bid to demonstrate Egypt’s support for Syria Nasser mobilized Egyptian forces in the Sinai, seeking the removal of UN emergency forces stationed there on May18.

🌟 On May 22 he closed the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping. King Hussein of Jordan signed a mutual defense pact with Egypt.
🌟Accordingly, it was decided to place Jordanian forces under Egyptian command. Soon, Iraq too joined the alliance.

🌟The Arab losses in the war were heavy. The defeat demoralized both the Arab public and the political elite.
🌟The six – Day War also marked the start of a new phase in the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians.
🌟The conflict created hundreds of thousands of refugees and brought more than one million Palestinian in the occupied territories under Israeli rule.

Arab – Israeli War 1973🤺🤺 :

🌟Egypt and Syria under President Anwar Sadat and Hafez al- Assad respectively concluded a secret agreement in January 1973 to bring their armies under one command.
🌟Assad was keen on retrieving Golan Heights.

🌟Aware that his country’s weapons were outdated, Sadat offered the Israelis a peace deal,if they withdrew from Sinai.
🌟Israel rejected the offer. Egypt and Syria launched a sudden and surprise attack on the Yom Kippur religious holiday ( 6 October 1973)

🌟Though Isreal suffered heavy casualties it finally pushed back the Arab forces.
🌟But this time,due to UN intervention, Israel was forced to return to its 1967 position.

🌟By the way of mediation the US succeeded in asserting its hegemony over the region and its oil.
🌟It’s strategy of encouraging Hostility between states and people’s resulted in a succession of wars – civil war in Lebanon, and the war between Iraq and Iran in the 1980s.

🌟Israel’s invasion of Lebanon in 1982 and the US – led war against Iraq in 1991.

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