PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

Personality development is the development of the organized pattern of behaviors and attitudes that makes a person distinctive. personality development occurs by the ongoing interaction of temparement, character and environment. personality is what makes a person a unique person, and it is recognizable soon after birth. a child’s personality has several components, temperent, environment and character. temperament is the set of genetically determined triats that determine the child’s approach to the world and how the child learns about the world. there are genes that specify personality traits, out some genes do control the development of the nervous system which in turn controls behaviour. a second component of personality comes from adaptive patterns related to a child’s specific environment. most psychologists agree that these two factors temperament and environment influence the development of a person’s personality the most. temparament with its dependence on genetic factors is sometimes referred to as nature while the environmental factors are called nurture.

while there is still controversy as to which factor ranks higher in affecting personality development, all experts agree that highly quality parenting plays a critical role in the development of a child’s personality. when parents understand how their child responds to certain situations they can anticipate issues that might be problematic for their child. they can prepare the child for the situation or in some cases they may avoid a potentially difficult situation altogether. parents who knows how to adapt their parenting approach to the particular emperament of their child can best provide guidance and ensure the successful development if their child’s personality. finally the third component of personality is character the set of emotional, cognitive and behavioral patterns learned from experienced that determines how a person thinks, feels and behaves. a persons character continues to evolve throughout life although much depends on inborn traits and early experiences. character is also dependent on a persons moral development.

INFANCY: during the first 2 years of life an infant goes through the 1st stage. learning basic trust or mistrust. well nurtured and loved the infant develops trust and security and a basic optimism. badly handled the infant becomes insecure and earns basic mistrust.
TODDLERHOOD: the second stage occurs during early childhood between about 18 months to 2 years and 3 to 4 years of age. it deals with learning autonomy or shame. well partnered the child emerges from this stage with self confidence elated with his or her newly found control. the early part of this stage can also include stormy tantrums, stubbornness, and negativism, and depending on the child’s temperament.
PRESCHOOL: the 3 rd stage occurs during the play age or the after preschool years from about three to entry into formal school. the developing child goes through learning initiative or guilt. the child learns to use imagination to broaden skills through active play and fantasy; to cooperate with others; and lead as well as to follow.
SCHOOL AGE: the 4 th stage learning industry or inferiority, occurs during school age up to and possibly including junior high school. the child learns to master more formal skills:
.relating with peers according to rules
.progressing from free play to play that is structured by rules and requires teamwork
ADOLOSCENSE: the 5 th stage learning identity or identify diffusion, occurs during adolescence from age 13 or 14. maturity start developing during this time. the young person acquires self certainity as opposed to self doubt and experiments with different constructive roles rather than adopting a negative identity, such as deliquency. the well adjusted adolescent actually looks forward to acheivement and in later adolescense clear sexual identity is established.
Young businessman holding a marker and drawing circular structure diagram of personal growth on transparent screen. Isolated on white background.

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