Zika virus was first discovered in 1947 and it was named after the Zika Forest in Uganda. The first human case of zika was found on1952 and from then on cases were being reported on Africa, Southeast Asia and pacific islands.
It can be transmitted bite of infected mosquito bite of species Aedes which can bite both during day and night. It can also be transmitted from pregnant women to her fetus. It can spread also through sex and blood transfusion.
There are not much symptoms. mostly people affected with zika are not seen having symptoms or having mild symptoms. the common symptoms are Headache. Joint pain. Rashes. Red eyes. Fever. Symptoms can last to several days to weeks. Good thing about is that people will not die because of this disease and can be protected from further infections. Symptoms of Zika are similar to other illnesses spread through mosquito like dengue and chikungunya.
There is no particular vaccine but the best way is to prevent oneself from mosquito bites. Apart from this wear a long piece of clothing and prevent clothes from scabies and lice. One can prevent sexual transmission of virus by using condoms or not having sex. Use insect repellent. Stay away from products containing oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-methane-diol on children less than three years of age.
It can be confirmed through blood or urine test. Diagnosis is based ones travel history , lab results and symptoms.
As of now, there is no particular vaccine available for Zika virus.
WHAT IF A PERSON IS INFECTED WITH ZIKA VIRUS?
As there is no particular vaccine all that one can do is Treat oneself with ample amount of rest. Don’t take any kind of aspirin or other NSAIDs. Drink enough fluid to avoid dehydration.
Don’t panic and make sure you are hygienic.