Female foeticide in India

Female foeticide is the aborting of a girl fetus in the womb before its complete growth. Why? This is because that it is female? Female foeticide has become a disgraceful and shocking truth of our nation. In India a strong fondness for sons over daughter. People desire smaller families with comparatively greater sons by abuse medical technologies. It is one of the main motives for declining sex ratio.

Female foeticide is the procedure of abortion to terminate female fetus from the womb of the mother before taking birth after the sex recognition tests like an ultrasound scan. Female foeticide and even any sex recognition test is illegal in India. It is the shame for the parents who are despairing for a baby boy as well as doctors doing abortions especially for this.

Female foeticide has been in practice for periods especially for the families who have a preference only male child. Several religious, social, financial and emotional are the reason for female foeticide. Therefore the time has been changed now much however, many reasons and beliefs are ongoing in some families. Some main reasons for female foeticide are:

  • Generally, parents don’t want a girl baby because they have to give a big amount as a dowry at daughter’s marriage.
  • There is a faith that girls are always consumer and boys are the only producer. Thus Parents understand that son will earn money for the whole life and care their parents however girls will get married a day and will have a separate family.
  • There is a belief that the son will carry the name of the family in future however the girl has to carry the husband’s family.
  • This is a prestige issue in society for parent and grandparent to have a boy baby in the family besides having a daughter.
  • There is a stress on the new bride of the family to give birth to a male child so she is enforced to go for sex recognition and abort if girl baby.
  • Illiteracy, insecurity, and poverty of people in society are also major reasons for girl baby burden.
  • Science and Technological advancement and utilities have made this very easy task for parents.

Sex ratio denotes the ratio of females to males in a specific region. Many practices like female foeticide and female infanticide (killing a baby girl after her birth) have had a contrary influence on the sex ratio. Thus it rises and promotes many social evils.

As per the decennial Indian census, Sex Ratio of India is 107.48. It means 107.48 males per 100 females in 2019. Therefore India has 930 females per 1000 males. So, India has 48.20% female population compare to 51.80% male population.

Effective Measures to Control:

As we all know that female foeticide is a crime and social evil for the future of women. Hence we should notice the causes for female foeticide in Indian society. Female infanticide or female feticide is primarily because of sex determination. Some measures are:

  • Law must be implemented and one should be surely punished if found guilty for this unkind exercise.
  • Permanent cancellation of license should be done if it is going on in medical practice.
  • Marketing of medical tools specifically for illegal sex determination and abortion should be a bane.
  • Parents must be fined who want to kill their girl baby.
  • Campaigns and seminars should be regularly held to aware of young couples.
  • Women should be aware so that they can be more attentive to their rights.

Female foeticide is suicide. So, save the girl child and secure the future. There will be the dangerous results of the female foeticide. Demography reports warn India that in the next twenty years there will be a scarcity of brides in the marriage market mostly because of the adverse sex ratio.