Indian National Anthem

We have sung our national anthem since our childhood, Do we know the meaning behind it?

Indian National Anthem:

Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he

Bharata-bhagya-vidhata

Panjaba-Sindhu-Gujarata-Maratha

Dravida-Utkala-Banga

Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga

uchchala-jaladhi-taranga

Tava Subha name jage, tave subha asisa mage,

gahe tava jaya-gatha.

Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he

Bharata-bhagya-vidhata.

Jaya he, Jaya he, Jaya he,

jaya jaya jaya jaya he.

Meaning of our National Anthem

The following is Tagore’s English rendering of the anthem:

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sind,
Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Odisha and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Jamuna and Ganges and is
chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India’s destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee.

Source:https://knowindia.gov.in/national-identity-elements/national-anthem.php

A simplified version:

You are the ruler of minds of people, let the victory be with you,

The dispenser of the destiny of India

Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maratha, Dravid, Orissa, Bengal

There are echoes in hills of Vidhya, and the Himalayas and music is mingled in Yamuna, and Ganga which is chanted by foaming waves of Indian Sea

Wake up listening to the auspicious name of yours and pray for your blessings,

The saving of all the people is lying in your hands.

You are the one to impart well being to the people

the dispenser of the destiny of India

May you get victory, victory, and victory for you!

Source: https://www.mapsofindia.com/my-india/india/what-does-the-indian-national-anthem-jana-gana-mana-mean

Facts about our National Anthem

  • The song Jana Gana Mana is the National Anthem of India which was composed by Rabindra Nath Tagore, originally in Bengali.
  • It was adopted by the constituent assembly on January 24, 1950, in its Hindi version.
  • The song “Jana Gana Mana” was first published under the title “Bharat Vidhata” in Tattva Bodhini Patrika in January 1912.
  • The song was translated into English in 1919 with the title “Morning Song of India”.
  • The very first time it was sung at the Kolkata Session of Congress on 27 December, 1911.
  • It takes about 52 seconds for its total completion, while it takes 20 seconds for the first and last lines of the stanza.