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Madhubani is also known as Mithila Painting is Indian style painting. It is famous folk painting originated from the Madhubani town in Jitwarpur village and Ranti village of Mithila region in Bihar. It is practiced especially by the women of the Mithila region of the India and also some parts of Darbhanga district. It is painted using twigs, brushes, fingers , and match sticks. It is painted using natural dyes and pigments. It specialty is the geometrical patterns. This is most profoundly done on freshly plastered mud walls and hut floors. It is very well know for the representation of the ritual content representing festivals and religious rituals. It has also its form established in some parts of Nepal.
Its various colors are extracted naturally from various natural resources. The Yellow color from the turmeric and marigold flower. They extracted Dark green from the leaves of the plants . As it was a vibrant color it was mostly used for bordering the the picture. Black was extracted from the coal powder which was used as a base for the painting . Rice powder served as a source of color for the White color. Indigo flowers provided the indigo color. Red roses was used for the red color.
It is a painting that comes under the category of Folk art. This folk art was started for the utility purposes or mostly for ritual kind if things. This Madhubani painting primarily depict the nature and the Hindu mythological figures and the themes are generally associated with Hindu deities, fish, birds, animals, natural objects like the sun, moon and religious plants like Tulsi plant or Banyan tree. Each symbol has different meaning ,like fish symbolizes fertility ,wealth harmony .
Tantrik Painting is described as the another form of Madhubani painting . It depicts the religious texts and characters related to it. Its styles includes the manifestations of the Hindu deities like Maha Kali, Maha Durga, Maha Sarawathi, Lakshmi, Ganesh . Complex mathematical patterns were used in Madhubani paintings makes them more intriguing and special.