Forms of Government

The governance of nations differs significantly based on who has power. There are different forms of government.
✓Aristocracy
✓Monarchy
✓Autocracy
✓Oligarchy
✓Theocracy
✓Democracy
✓Republic

Aristocracy

A form of government in which power is in the hands of a small previleged ruling class (nobels).
Example: United Kingdom, Spain

Monarchy

A system of government in which one person reigns supreme, usually a king or queen (constitutional monarchy).
Example: Bhutan, Oman, Qatar

Autocracy

A system of government by one person with absolute power.
Example: North Korea, Saudi Arabia

Oligarchy

A small group of people having control of a country or organisation.
Example: Former Soviet Union, China, Venezuela, North Korea

Theocracy

A system of government in which religious doctrines form the basis of government headed by a priest who rules in the name of God or proclaims himself as a God.
Example: Vatican

Democracy

A system of government in which eligible members in the population vote to elect their elected representatives, and the party or individual who obtains the majority votes forms the government.
Example: India, USA, France

Republic

A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives and which has an elected or nominated President rather than a monarch.
Example: India, Australia

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