Biography-Abraham Lincoln

” I walk slowly, but I never walk backward” -Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, guided his country through the most devastating experience in its national history- Civil War. He is considered by many historians to have been the greatest American President. He was born on 12February,1809 in Hardin (now Laure) country in Kentucky. His father Thomas Lincoln was a skilled carpenter and his mother was Nancy Hanks. Lincolns left Kentucky and moved to Indiana in 1816. There little Lincoln attended some schools for less than a year altogether. Lincolns left Indiana for Illinois in 1830. In 1831 Lincoln left home for New Salem and served briefly in the black Hawk War (1831). The military interlude was uneventful except that he was elected Captain of his volunteer Company. In 1842 he married Mary Todd. He served one term (1847-49) as a member of the US House of Representatives where he opposed the Mexican War as unnecessary and unconstitutional. He had been indifferent about the annexation of Texas, already a slave territory, but he opposed any expansion that would allow slavery into new area, gained as a result of the Mexican war. He expressed his view that the nation would become “either all slave or all free”. He won the Presidential election as the 16th President of the US and his inauguration was held in March 1861. He was soon noted for taking vigorous measures in the Civil War sometimes at odds with the Constitution and often at odds with the ideas of his military commanders. He was naturally anti-slavery. He endorsed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery and thus charged the racial future of the United States. But it agitated a section of the white people. John Wilkes Booth, a Negrophobe shot Lincoln while he attended a performance at Ford’s Theatre in Washington on 14th April, 1865. Lincoln’s achievements for saving the Union and freeing the slaves, and his martyrdom just at the War’s end assured his continuing fame forever.

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