Biography: Guru Nanak

Guru Nanak was the founder of the religion of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. He was born on 15th April,1469 into a Bedi (Khastriya) family in a Muslim village of Rai Bhoi Di Talwandi, now called Nankana sahib near Lahore. His father was Mehta Kalyan Das Bedi, popularly shortened to Kalu Mehta and his mother was Tripta Devi. At the age of 5 he voiced his interest in divine subjects. At the age of 7 he was enrolled at the village school. He followed her elder sister to Sultanpur to live with her and her husband Daulat khan at the age of 16 years. He was married to Mata sulakhniat about 19 years of age. At the age of 30 he had a vision and disappeared from the village. After three days he reappeared and spoke about god’s path-“ There is neither Hindu nor musalman’ so whose path shall I follow? I shall follow god’s path.” He said that he had been taken to god’s court. There he was offered a cup filled with Amrit(nectar) and given the command- “ This is the cup of the adoration of god’s name. Drink it….I have bestowed the gift of my name upon you. Let this be your calling. “He made four major journeys-first, towards Bengal and assam, second, towards Tamil Nadu, third, towards Kashmir, Ladakh and Tibet, and the final tour towards Bagdad, mecca and medina on the Arabian peninsula. At Mecca, Guru Nanak was found sleeping with his feet towards the Kaaba Mosque. Kazi Rukan-ud-din observed this and angrily objected this and angrily objected. Guru Nanak said,” please turn my feet in a  direction where there is no house of god.” The Kazi understand the meaning that “god is everywhere” and was struck with wonder. Guru Nanak preached “god is the doer and without god there is no other.” He advised his followers to practice his teachings in three ways:

  • Naam Japna: Chanting the Holy name,
  • Kirat Karo: Earning a living honestly,
  • Vand Chakko: Helping those with less who are in need.
  • Guru Nanak expired on 22 September,1539 in Kartarpur at the age of 69.