Martin Luther, King Jr. was born on 15 January, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia in America. His father was Reverend Martin Luther King, Senior and mother Alberta Williams. His early life was spent in Atlanta. As a precocious student, he skipped both the ninth and twelfth grade and entered Morehouse college at the age of fifteen without formally graduating from high school. In 1948 he graduated from Morehouse with bachelor of arts degree in sociology, and enrolled in Crozer theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania from which he graduated with bachelors of Divinity degree in 1951. He began doctoral studies in systematic theology at Boston University and obtained the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in 1955. As a Baptist minister he became a protestant and founded the southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957. He was the prominent leader in the African- American Civil Right Movement. He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using the non- violent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. He believed that the non- violent resistance is the most potent weapon available to oppressed people in their struggle for justice and human dignity.
He delivered his famous speech ‘I have a dream’ in 1963 in Washington. Thereon he expanded liberal American values against the color-blind society. His notable efforts were on ending poverty from the society and stopping the Vietuam War. In 1964 he was the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation through civil disobedience and other nonviolent means. He was assassinated on 4th April, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee. He was a post- humously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 and congressional Gold Medal in 2004. Martin Luther King JR. day (15th January ) is observed as a US Federal Holiday since 1986.