When a person is injured, the treatment given immediately is called first aid.
First aid can save people who meet with accidents. Everyone has to learn first aid.
After giving first aid, the patient must be taken to a hospital.

First aid refers to the emergency or immediate care you should provide when a person is injured or ill until full medical treatment is available. For minor conditions, first aid care may be enough. The decision to act appropriately with first aid can mean the difference between life and death.

The five main aims of first aid are to:

✓Preserve life.
✓Prevent the escalation of illness or injury.
✓Promote recovery.
✓Provide pain relief.
✓Protect the unconscious.

First Aid Kit

A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and equipment that is used to give medical treatment. There is a wide variation in the contents of first aid kits based on the knowledge and experience of those putting it together, the differing first aid requirements of the area where it may be used and variations in legislation or regulation in a given area.


When there is bleeding due to a cut from a blade or knife, tie the wound with a clean wet cloth and take the person to a hospital. Don’t tie tightly.

Bleeding from nose

Apply a wet cloth to the nose to stop bleeding. If the bleeding doesn’t stop take the patient to a doctor.


For a wound due to a fall or due to hitting against something, clean the wound by wiping it with clean, wet cotton or cotton cloth. Then clean it with dettol. Put some antiseptic ointment, put a gauge over it and cover it with a cloth. Take the person to a doctor if necessary.


When there is a wound due to fire, wash the wound gently in cold water. Apply antiseptic cream. Then see a doctor.


When a person falls and gets hurt, there is a swelling of some part. Put ice on the swelling, swollen part will be less painful. Don’t bend or use force on the part which is swollen. Only if a bone is broken, there will be a swelling. So the person should be taken to a doctor as soon as possible.

Electric Shock

A person who receives an electric shock should not be touched immediately. The main switch should be put off. Then move the person away and make him comfortable. Give him a coffee or tea to drink. Take him to a doctor if necessary.

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