India holds total of 29 medal in Olympic , 8 of which is secured by India National Field Hockey Team. India has always been dominant in hockey. India first stepped at Olympics games in 1900 which was held in Paris. India then was represented by only athlete Norman Richard who secured two silver medals both in athletics. He was a British Indian and he also became first ever Asian to secure medal at Olympics
After 1900 India participated at Summer Olympics in 1920 and has been participating ever since then. It was due to Sir Dorabji Tata and Governor of Bombay Geaorge Llyod that India had privilege to participate in 1920. They secured 4 athletes who could represent India . In 1923 All India Olympic Committee was formed and ever since then they are responsible for selecting athletes to participate at Olympics and any other games.
KD Jadhav was the first individual to win medal for independent India in 1952. Indian Hockey Team has always been dominating in securing medal, they hold 11 medals — 8 gold, 1 silver and 2 bronze. After hockey , shooting dominates the position, it accounts for 4 medals — 1 gold , 2 silver and 1 bronze
Karman Malleshwar was the first Indian woman to bag a medal in 2000 Sydney Olympics. Saina Nehwal was first Indian women to secure medal in badminton in 2012 summer Olympics. Pugilist Mary Kom became the first Indian woman to win medal at boxing. In 2016 Summer Olympics Sakhshi Malik became the first Indian woman wrestler to win Olympic medal in wrestling. Shuttler PV Sindhu became the first Indian women to win a silver medal in Olympics and also the youngest Indian Olympics medalist.
India has participated in many winter Olympics game, no medals have been secured yet!!