A multiple personality refers to dissociative identity disorder (DID), a mental disturbance where an individual has two or more distinct personalities. The thoughts, actions, and behaviors of every personality could also be completely different.
People with DID have two or more distinct personalities. They do not present as simple changes in traits or moods. A person with DID expresses significant differences between these alternate identities, which may even be mentioned as alters.
Trauma often causes this condition, particularly during childhood. While there’s no defined cure for DID, long-term treatment may help people combine their personalities into one.
Often, these personalities are completely different from one another . These fragmented personalities take hold of the person’s identity for a few time.
A person also maintains their primary or host identity, which is their original personality, and can answer to their first name . Their primary identity is usually more passiveTrusted Source, and that they could also be unaware of the opposite personalities.When a personality change happens, the new personality will have a definite history, a new identity, and different behaviors.
These split personalities, or alters, often have their own distinct:
The exact explanation for DID isn’t fully understood. However, there’s a robust link between the condition and trauma. This may be particularly true for trauma or abuse during childhood. In Europe, the us , and Canada, 90% of individuals who experience DID are victims of severe trauma in childhood.
The condition represents someone who struggles to integrate and assimilate certain aspects of their own identity, which become disjointed over time.
When these other personalities take over, they often talk with a special vocabulary, and gesture differently. In some cases, one personality can also devour certain habits that the opposite doesn’t , like smoking, or becoming violent.
In the shift from one personality to a different , an individual may experience other symptoms. Some people can have anxiety, as they’ll be scared of the personality change. Some may become very angry or violent. Others might not notice or remember these transitions in the least , although another person may notice them.
Specific personalities may appear in response to certain situations. These symptoms can cause an individual significant distress, and disrupt their ability to measure their life normally.
A person with DID can also experience symptoms of other conditions, like self-harm. One study notes that quite 70%Trusted Source of individuals with DID have attempted suicide.
It takes time to diagnose DID. Misdiagnosis is common, and doctors got to observe a person’s symptoms, and dismiss other conditions.
To properly make a diagnosis, doctors got to see the various personalities and the way they affect the person.
Time is additionally a crucial think about seeing the complete scale of the symptoms. This is because people that seek help for DID commonly present with symptoms linked to other psychological state conditions.
Additionally, as DID often occurs alongside other disorders, doctors got to rule out the symptoms of other conditions before they create a diagnosis. As such, they’ll prescribe therapies or medications to treat these conditions first.
There is no specific cure for DID. However, many of us can help manage their symptoms and work to integrate their identities through regular psychotherapy. They can also ease the other symptoms with medication.