We are living in the 21st century, where infrastructure, services, and technology are developing with rapid speed. It's the era where everything is possible just on one click with the help of machines and high data speed. Everything can be accessed and monitored on a monitor.
As the time is passing, the population is increasing, people are shifting from rural to urban areas which is increasing urbanization, construction of multistorey buildings, development of transportation services, increase in industries and growth of industrialization.
No doubt all these developments, in one or the other way, are contributing to the growth of the nation, it's economy and GDP, but what about the pain and problems our environment is facing with these developments?
As urbanization is increasing day by day, especially if we talk in the context of India, this is causing a burden on the resources of urban areas, people are migrating to cities which means rural people don't want to practice agriculture, which will lead to less production of food grains. If population increases day by day and production will be less, this will ultimately lead to starvation of food in the country.
Moreover, people are moving in search of jobs and a high standard of living from rural to urban areas which is increasing the number of unemployed people in India, especially in urban areas.
When people travel from rural to urban areas they need shelter to live and due to which the forests are being cleared so fast. Urbanization leads to an increase in deforestation which harms the environment.
Deforestation leads to decrease of oxygen concentration in the environment, which is the basic need of every human. Secondly, it leads to soil erosion as the root of trees holds on the soil at one place, thirdly cutting down trees directly leads to increase in temperature and makes the environment warm.
Increase in industries on one hand leads to the growth of the nation, and provides employment to many people, but on the other hand it harms the environment so badly.
Industrialization shares a large proportion in degradation of the environment. It makes air impure, water dirty and improper waste management.
Industries release black smoke which ultimately mixes with the air in the environment, pollutes it and the same air every human breathes, which causes problems in the respiratory systems of people.
The waste water of industries which contains plenty of impurities in it is discharged in fresh water bodies and pollutes it which further gives birth to the diseases which are caused by drinking contaminated water. Although nowadays industries have adopted the system of waste water management. Various power plants have been built where wastewater is treated and cleaned and then discharged into several water bodies in order to control water pollution.
As the countries are developing, the services are also developing for a good standard of living, transportation services have accelerated with high speed in the last few decades. The development of roads and railways have made inaccessible places accessible. People used to walk to kedarnath and vaishnav devi, but now it's possible to go by vehicles because roads are built by cutting down hills.
In the hilly terrain areas, it was hard to provide goods and services because of no roads and routes but again by breaking hills roads were made which has made transportation easy in those areas.
Of course this seems good to listen to, but the process through which these hills are broken down is by explosions in those areas. It leads to landslides so rapidly, any moment the rocks can fall down leading to the loss of life and property.
Mountains always behave like a barrier. For instance if a glacier melts and water comes down towards the plain areas, mountains stop them, but due to this hill cutting those rocks have become weak and hence cannot handle the pressure of flowing water and erodes along with the fast flow and hence causes flooding in many of the areas in the plains.
Technology is developing and hence the production of machineries is also developing. The standard of living is slowly rising. People have started using such kinds of household gadgets which improve the quality of their life and save time too. For example, refrigerators and microwave ovens, the gas which is filled in the compressor of refrigerators and various other machines directly affects the ozone layer of the earth, a layer which prevents the ultraviolet rays of sun from entering into the earth's atmosphere.
Scientists have found that this ozone layer of earth is being depleted day by day due to increase in temperature and if this goes on, a day will come when it will become extinct and what will happen next is even hard to imagine.
Degradation of the environment is a topic of global concern. Global warming is increasing day per day which leads to an increase in the temperature of the earth and melting of glaciers. Keeping this in mind the whole world has come together to control this degradation. The matter was taken to the United Nations and the United Nation Environment Program was started by its first director on June 5 1972.
Many organizations were built world wide on different sub parts of environment degradation such as WWF, Conservation International, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Fauna and Flora international and many more. These organizations are working together to save the environment.
Every country is responsible in one way or the other for the degrading conditions of the environment, but I feel that a country with a large population is far more responsible, for example India. India has a population of 130 crores. Almost every individual needs food, shelter, water, air and various other resources he/she will use. If such a large number of the population lives together and doesn't give a damn about the environment, it's going to degrade and that is obvious.
If the population increases, the shelters will increase, garbage and waste will increase, and resources and trees will decrease.
Now the question arises: are nations and individual countries responsible for saving the environment? The nation is made up of whom? Every individual, and hence each and every citizen living on this planet is responsible for the degradation of the environment, and it's the duty of every individual to save it, neither of nation nor of any organization.
A human is so selfish in nature. He only knows how to use and throw. He doesn't want to take any responsibility and also does not consider his duty towards saving the environment. Even if so many organizations start working. NGOs start working to save the environment. Ultimately the condition of the environment will improve when every individual will feel concerned towards their environment on their own. When nobody will force him to do it, then only the environment can be saved. When every individual will practice some etiquettes in his daily life then only the environment can be saved because each drop makes up the ocean.
Everything in this world has pros and cons. On one hand the development of technology and standard of living of people are increasing, on the other hand it's affecting the environment badly. Why? Because we have ignored the second factor. We have created an imbalance. We are over focusing on development not on the harmful results it is causing.
Development is necessary for human life. Development is proof that we humans are intelligent, but an intelligent human knows by balancing his life he becomes smart and a smart human can do sustainable development. Let us be smart. Let's have the same concern and concentration on environmental problems as on development, then only we can save our mother earth.