Research method and its types

A specific way of collecting and analyzing data is called research method. What info is being collected and what data requires more importance for the research question is what the research method is dependent on. A research question is the question that a research project sets out to answer. The two types of research methods are collection of data and how that data is analyzed.

1] Collection of data: Deciding what data you would like to collect
To think about would it be qualitative or quantitative data you are collecting
Will the data be in form of numbers of words

•Primary or secondary data:
Primary data = collecting original data
Secondary data = using the data that has already been collected by someone else

•Descriptive or experimental:
Descriptive = using information as it is
Experimental = performing an experiment

2] How the data is analysed:

•For quantitative:
Statistical analysis methods to test relationships between variables.

•For qualitative:
Thematic analysis to interpret patterns and meanings of that data.

~ The 7 types of research methods are:
Survey method
Case study method
Ethnographic method
Interview method
Focus group
Experiment method
Archival study method

•Survey method:
The technique of collecting data by asking questions to people who might have desired answers is called survey. It covers a large audience. Examples of survey method are opinion polls and market research. Two tools of conducting survey are the questionnaire method and Interviews.

•Case study method:
A detailed study of any subject such as a person, place, group, event or organization is called case study. The main purpose of this method is to exemplify, to expand and to challenge. There are two types of case studies, outlying case study and representative case study.

•Ethnographic method:
The word ethnographic preserves its original meaning. It is a way of collecting data wile studying people in their natural settings or fields to capture the meaning of their everyday life. The field worker collects the data. He observes and questions the subject to understand them better. The two ways to conduct the experiment through this method are, open versus closed setting, overt versus covert approach and active versus passive approach.

•Interview method:
An interview is a face to face questioning from the interviewer the interviewee. These questions are open ended and it is more suitable for a small population. There are four types of interviews, structured interviews, unstructured interviews, semi-structured interviews and in depth interviews.

•Focus group:
Focus group focused on a group of 6-10 members with similar interests and characteristics who provide useful information. A trained moderator leads this group and gathers helpful information.

•Experiment group:
A group of independent variables are manipulated to see their effect on the dependent variables. This is called experiment method. They are mainly done to test a hypothesis.

•Archival study method:
Archival study method or the secondary data analysis involves analyzing data collected by others. It is mostly found in books, newspapers, magazines etc. It is also readily available to the reader.

Research follows a particular discipline and method. As long as it is followed, your research will be a good one.