Forget about Fuchsia and Google Search. Researchers from Google, Stanford, Princeton and other institutions could have discovered a computer breakthrough so significant we can’t completely grasp it yet. Even Google scientists aren’t convinced whether their time crystal finding is correct. However, if the report is correct, Google may be one of the first corporations to provide the globe with a critical technical improvement in the future. Quantum computers, which can tackle difficult problems with amazing speed and power using technologies that have yet to be created, will require time crystals as a building component.
What is a quantum computer?
Google isn’t the only business working on quantum computers, and these devices continue to make headlines daily. Quantum computers won’t be able to reach your phone, and they won’t be able to play games with you. Even if they did, Nintendo’s future systems will be completely devoid of the latest computing technologies.
According to The Next Web, we intend to use quantum computers to solve difficult issues. Warp drives, for example, might allow for rapid interstellar travel. And medical technologies capable of curing almost every ailment.
Earlier this year, Google teamed up with Michael Pea for a quantum computing demonstration at I/O 2021:
Quantum computers, on the other hand, are extremely difficult to create, maintain, and even operate. That’s where Google’s time crystals may be useful. Qubits, or quantum computer bits, are now used in quantum computers. When these qubits are seen, they behave differently than when they are left alone. It’s because of this that measuring qubit states is challenging. Because of this instability, using a quantum computer is difficult. That’s when time crystals enter the picture.
Google’s time crystals
The time crystal idea, first proposed in 2012, is a new phase of matter. According to The Next Web, time crystals defy one of Sir Isaac Newton’s renowned principles. “An object at rest tends to stay at rest, and an object in motion tends to stay in motion,” according to Newton’s first law of motion.
There’s something called high entropy in our cosmos (disorder). Energy transfers constantly cause something to happen. When there are no processes, entropy is constant, but it increases when they are present. However, this is not the case with time crystals. Even when employed in a process, they can preserve entropy.
The Next Web gives a fantastic analogy with snowflakes to explain Google’s time crystals. Because the atoms are organized in precise ways, they have distinct patterns. Snow falls, melts, water evaporates, and ultimately turns back as snow. All of these processes entail energy transfers. A time crystal is analogous to a snowflake that can switch between two configurations without consuming or wasting energy. Time crystals can have their cake and eat it too, and they can do it indefinitely.
What does it mean for you and me?
The time crystals that Google uses do not belong to Google. Even the Google crew is unsure if they were developed by them. The study is only available in pre-print form while it is being peer-reviewed.
However, if Google can figure out how to build them, next-generation quantum computers may include time crystals. These computers might be built by anyone. They’d also bring quantum coherence to a region where there’s a lot of decoherence — the restless qubits we talked about before.
Even yet, the development of quantum computers based on time crystals is still in its infancy. Google may have demonstrated that time crystals aren’t simply a theory, but it hasn’t built any.
To develop warp drives or uncover “universally effective cancer therapies,” we may require decades of quantum computing research to produce quantum computers with time crystals. And it will take decades to fully comprehend quantum computers and time crystals. This is the URL to Google’s paper. Furthermore, Quanta Magazine provides a comprehensive overview of Google’s findings, replete with a time crystal animation.