Almost everything around us starts and stops in a circle. From Earth to life to food chains, etc., everything is spherical or circular, a set of chain reactions with one paving way for the next and so on, till the last again reverts back to the first step of the reaction. Well, all we see in the nature we live in works in this manner. The human race has made significant developments to add to, modify or completely revamp the working of this nature. With new discoveries and a whole new lot of inventions, we have sustained ourselves well by utilising the Earth’s resources and making valuable products out of them. Now, the environment has got its own ways and mechanisms to start a process and regenerate useful materials out of the waste created at the end of the process, thus re-using almost all of the materials in the most efficient manner and creating a near-zero waste system. But humans aren’t the best masters of controlling and regenerating safe and useful things from the waste generated. A large amount of waste is created daily due to humongous industrialization and commercial development. The impact of disposing this waste daily is affecting the Earth and its biosystem drastically by infiltrating its land, water and air spaces and introducing non-biodegradable elements into it. This in turn is bound to have debilitating effects on us and the other living systems on the planet and we will soon be facing a catastrophic situation if we continue in the same manner. So with this realization, a lot of research has been carried out to make our processes and products waste free or causing minimal waste. This will go a long way into protecting, recreating and restoring the natural reserves and creating a pollution-free environment for the coming future generations to live in. It will also help in co-habitation of other living organisms in the world with minimal harm and danger of extinction. This introduced the concept of circular economy.

What is circular economy?

According to European Parliament, a circular economy is a model of production and consumption, which involves sharing, leasing, reusing, repairing, refurbishing and recycling existing materials and products as long as possible. In this way, the life cycle of products is extended. This means that waste production should be to a minimum, and the products should be used to their maximum utility, and then they should be reused with maximum productivity, to create further value. This will lead to zero or negligible waste generation, and whatever is created might be disposed off in the safest possible way either to be benefit the environment or to cause little or no harm to it. As the name suggests, circular economy aims to keep the process of production and revitalization indefinitely. Circular economy thrives on the goal of sustainability. The environmental and Government organizations are encouraging the use of a sustainable system that will result in higher resource efficiency and much less waste. As the United Nations Member States have aspired to adhere to Sustainable Development Goals since 2015, the linear supply chain consisting of material supply, design and manufacturing, distribution and use and discarding of product has found many branches of re-utilization like repair, reuse, optimization, remanufacture, recycle, reduction and energy production from waste which will ensure that the product is not completely discarded as waste or useless anytime.

Thus, with modern practices which are efficient, energy saving, are designed to create less waste and make up for the waste produced, we are walking towards a better tomorrow and a brighter and more favourable future for the years to come.

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