A variety of people exist in our country. People of different religions, castes, colors, and beliefs. Harmony cannot always be ensured. But society has to work in decorum and someone has to lay down the rules for the society to function in an organized way. These rules and principles are laid down in the constitution.
A constitution is an important document laying down the fundamental principles of a country. The country is governed by these principles. The constitution is regarded as the fundamental law of the country.
Importance of the constitution
- Our constitution contains valuable information regarding the structure, organs, duties, and responsibilities of the government.
- Our constitution regulates the relationship between the various organs in existence and also tries to ensure a harmonious relationship between the citizens and the government.
- Also, it contains a system of checks and balances which prevents misuse of power vested in the government.
- Since a good proportion of the population is minorities, their rights are also protected by the constitution.
- It also guarantees certain fundamental rights to the citizens to protect them against any injustice by the government.
Need for laws – Laws are meant for the welfare and security of the people. They serve as a means of bringing about social change and establishing a near to perfect society. In a traditionally unequal society like India, which is plagued by social evils such as dowry and female foeticide, the need for laws becomes even more important.
It is important to look into some early social practices which were overcome by the use and bringing of laws.
- Dowry- It is the money or gifts given to the groom and his family by the bride’s family at the time of marriage. Often dowry demands continue long after marriage. The inability to fulfill the same results in physical or mental torture of the bride and some unfortunate and extreme cases leads to death. To bring control over this evil practice, the government passed the Dowry Prohibition Act in 1961. This prohibited giving and taking of dowry. Anyone caught indulging in these practices is liable for both imprisonment and a fine.
- Female foeticide- One of the fallouts of the dowry system is the practice of female foeticide. Even today daughters are considered a financial burden by many people. Thus, female foeticide is on the rise. This practice has affected India’s sex ratio. To curb this practice, the government passed the Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of misuse) Act in 1994. This act strictly prohibits the determination and disclosure of the sex of the fetus.
Many social evils like these exist and the Constitution provides laws for the eradication of the same.
Hence, we must follow these laws to make the country even better.
Source- Wikipedia, Quora