Beyond India’s booming metropolis, wildlife enthusiasts can discover idyllic sanctuaries teeming with life. India’s national parks, numbering in the hundreds, cover around 15,600 square kilometers of protected land. Discover and appreciate all that nature has to offer by visiting these gorgeous wildlife National Parks. Enjoy breathtaking panoramas, adrenaline-pumping jeep safaris, and sightings of rare and ferocious creatures.
Kaziranga National Park, Assam
On the floodplains of the Brahmaputra River, Kaziranga National Park lies partly in Golaghat District and partly in Nagaon District of Assam. Established in 1905 as a forest preserve to save the greater one-horned rhinoceros from extinction, it is Assam’s oldest park, encompassing 430 square kilometers. It’s among the few untouched natural places in India’s north-eastern region.
With its elephant-grass meadows, swampy lagoons, rugged reeds, marshes, shallow waters, and dense woods, Kaziranga National Park is one of India’s most popular wildlife tourist hotspots. Over 2200 Great Indian one-horned rhinoceros call it home, accounting for roughly two-thirds of the world’s total. Tigers can also be sighted here, camouflaged among the elephant grass and lush forest. There are also buffalo, rare swamp deer, and river dolphins to witness. In 1985, it was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park is open all year, however, during monsoon season in July and August, it may close owing to flooding.
Nagarhole National Park, Karnataka
Nagarhole National Park, also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park, is the enchanting 247 square-mile-long wild reserve located in Kodagu and Mysore district. It is one of the best places in the world to see leopards. It was designated as India’s thirty-seventh Tiger Reserve. UNESCO has designated it as a World Heritage Site. The park, ringed by the Western Ghats, is abode to aromatic sandalwood and teak trees, dense bamboo groves, and myriads of streams, including the Lakshmmantirtha River, Sarati Hole, Nagar Hole, BalleHalla, Kabini River, four perennial streams, 47 monsoonal rivulets, four small perennial lakes, 41 manmade tanks, several swamps, Taraka Dam, and the Kabini reservoir.
It houses ferocious predators like Bengal tigers, leopards, wild dogs, sloth bears, and hyenas. Many herbivores like spotted deer, sambar, barking deer, four-horned antelope, Bosgaurus, wild boar, and elephant, dwell in the girded region. The Bonnet macaque, jungle cat, slender Loris, common langur, civet cat, leopard-cat, mongoose, common otter, giant flying squirrel, porcupine, jackal, mouse-deer, hare, and pangolin, can also be spotted. Around 250 bird species can be spotted in the Nagarhole area, including the blue-bearded bee-eater, scarlet minivet, and Malabar whistling thrush, as well as ospreys, herons, and ducks.
The marsh crocodile, monitor lizard, rock python, and plenty more species are the most abundant reptiles in the vicinity. Marine and terrestrial tortoises, frogs, toads, and tree frogs, as well as a plethora of insects, including some very vibrantly colored butterflies, dwell in this lush southern Indian forest. A jeep expedition is the finest way to see big cats, whereas a leisurely cruise across the Kabini River in a coracle (a small circular boat) provides splendid views of aquatic birds, crocodiles, and Indian elephants.
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, Andaman Islands
The Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is located 29 kilometers west of Port Blair and occupies an area of 281.5 sq. km. There are open seas, waterways, and 15 small and big islands in this vicinity. Rare corals and underwater aquatic life can be seen from glass-bottom boats. Tourists can also enjoy scuba diving and snorkeling. Guided excursions of the Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park are available through private ferry operators. As part of the guided tours, visitors are also allowed to spend two and a half hours on Jolly Buoy Island or Red Skin Island. It was founded to safeguard marine life, notably sea turtles and coral reefs.
Hemis National Park, Jammu & Kashmir
Hemis National Park, the largest national park in South Asia, is situated in the eastern section of the Ladakh district in Jammu and Kashmir, India. The park is host to 17 mammal species and 73 bird species. Leopards, Asiatic ibex, Tibetan wolf, Eurasian brown bear, and red fox are among the area’s endangered fauna. It also plays host to 200 leopards and is India’s sole Ladakhi Urial habitat. Small creatures such as the Himalayan marmot, mountain weasel, and Himalayan mouse hare call it home.
It’s an excellent spot for bird watchers. Brown Accentor, Robin Accentor, Tickell’s Leaf Warbler, Streaked Rosefinch, Tibetan Snowfinch, Chukar, Fork-tailed Swift, Red-billed Chough, Himalayan Snowcock, Fire-fronted Serin, golden eagle, Lammergeier vulture, and Himalayan griffon vulture can all be spotted here. The picturesque splendor of the national park is very well-known. It’s a visual feast, with lofty mountains and alpine juniper and subalpine dry birch forests. The Stok Kangri summit can be seen from the park. The park’s boundary is the confluence of the Indus and Zanskar rivers, which is a beautiful sight.
Satpura National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Satpura National Park, located in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh, is a magnificent wildlife park with a total area of 524 square kilometers. It is home to 52 mammal species, 31 reptile species, and 300 bird species, 14 of which are endangered.
For animal enthusiasts, it is a stunning jungle paradise. Leopards, tigers, chitals, nilgais, four-horned antelopes, bhedkis, rhesus monkeys, wild boars, deer, foxes, flying squirrels, and Indian joint squirrels are just a few of the wildlife that may be discovered here. Satpura Park’s biodiversity is impressive, with over 1300 species of flora, notably teak, sal, tendu, mahua, bel, bamboos, grasses, bushes, and other medicinal plants possessing therapeutic and medicinal effects. Besides, there are several bird species like the Malabar pried hornbills, crested hawk eagles, honey buzzards, paradise flycatchers, thrushes, pheasants, and peafowl. One can enjoy the Jungle Safari by Jeep, boat, or elephant.