Recent incident of landslides in the northern part of India has brought a renewed spotlight on the downsides of development. Life is so precious, and seeing it disappear in a few moments on viral videos on social media is disturbing, to say the least. At the same time, it does bring awareness, and the masses can begin to have an open dialogue.
The Indian Subcontinent is so diverse and beautiful. It is divided into three types of landforms i.e mountain, plateau and plains. The northernmost area of India i.e the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal, and Uttarakhand, has mountainous type of landform as they are at higher altitudes.
Earlier in India land routes were not very developed. Places were not easily accessible, not even in plain areas. Later the transportation system in India developed, facilities improved and now almost every part of the country is accessible, even in the mountain areas.
In plains, it's easy to construct a road or to establish a railway network but in mountain regions it's not that easy. As the technology developed, the construction of roads became possible between the mountains. Moreover, tunnels were constructed for running trains. So what is the method through which these roads and railways are being constructed?
This is done by breaking or cutting mountains through blasts with high sonic sounds. In the last few decades tourism in India has been promoted very actively, as it gives good income to the nation and helps in the growth of GDP.
India is the place where culture and religion has influenced people so much. People might not travel as a passion or for fun but they will travel to visit temples and other religious places. Kashmir is the heaven of India, Kedarnath, Badrinath and Vaishnodevi are the most popular and well known religious places of tourism.
These temples are situated in the himalayan regions. Going there once upon a time was almost impossible. Almost all the famous temples are situated on the peak of the mountains and once in a year people visit in crowds when the doors open for worship.
In hilly areas, providing goods and services was difficult in earlier times and hence the development of the transportation system has made the lives of people living there easy.
On one hand all these developments have provided accessibility to the people and have raised the standard of living of people. On other hand it has harmed the natural and real beauty of nature. Due to tourism the business and earning of people has increased, but when you try to innovate, with the help of technology for your own comfort it affects the health of the natural landforms.
This breakdown of mountains forcefully by man has resulted in landslides. When the rocks are cut ,the imbalance occurs in the adjustment of rocks and hence they break down automatically and slide down on the land causing harm to life and property. Many times these landslides block the way.
Geographically, a landslide is the movement of the rocks and debris down a slope under the influence of gravity. Human factors are highly responsible for landslides nowadays. Construction activities of humans have increased the fragility of mountains, especially of himalayan mountains. Of all the world's landslides, 30 percent occur in the Himalaya, according to a South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).
The main reason for these types of landslides are mining and ill planned road construction. For the generation of electricity, dams are being built on the banks of rivers in the hilly areas and hence leading to the destruction.
It is said that everybody has their limits of tolerance of torture and so is with the nature. We humans have harassed and misused the resources of nature. It's good to be productive and development is an important aspect of human society. In the environment where man lives he has to develop and innovate, but this should be balanced. If once you have burned your fingers, why put your hand again in the same fire? If it is known that these constructions are resulting in the loss of life and property and harming nature's stability,it should be stopped, but humans are so selfish and greedy they will continue doing it. When nature becomes aggressive it's very disastrous for human lives.