Is it PCOD or PCOS, exactly?’ Most people have never heard of these two terms, therefore discussing their differences is a very different matter. You will learn about PCOS and PCOD, their distinctions, symptoms, societal perceptions, diagnosis, risks, and treatments in this post. The societal perspective will also offer you a sense of the myths and taboos surrounding the subject.

Follicle cysts form in the ovaries as a result of the syndrome (PCOS)/disease (PCOD). It also causes an increase in androgen (male steroid hormones) release, which causes various odd alterations in a woman’s body.

Our way of living has had a significant impact on this hormone cycle. Menopause can begin as early as the thirties for some women. As a result, it’s safe to argue that we’re living in a biologically untrustworthy era.

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As previously stated, PCOS is a syndrome in which multiple cysts (liquid-filled sacs) begin to grow on both of a woman’s ovaries. They’re big, and they’re usually formed of immature eggs and other fluids. Girls have difficulty having periods as a result of this. They don’t always have them, or if they do, they’re late and unreliable.

This is generally noticed in teenagers nearly immediately after their first menstruation. PCOD, on the other hand, has similar effects on the ovary, but they are minimal. On the ovaries, smaller sacs form, which can be delayed by three months (a change in lifestyle is required) and are also fewer in number. Periods are normal in PCOD, albeit they may be delayed. When a woman of childbearing age comes into contact with it, it is detected.

Aside from cyst formation, the ovaries begin to produce androgen. Androgen is a male steroid hormone that is secreted by the ovaries in small amounts even under normal settings. Estrogen is a feminine steroid hormone that is naturally more vital for women, although androgens are released in significantly greater amounts than oestrogen in this circumstance. In a female, this causes a variety of unique alterations.

Many or all of these symptoms can affect a woman, and the indicators will appear as soon as puberty begins. Periods that are irregular or nonexistent are the most typical symptom.

There is no single test that can be used to diagnose PCOS or PCOD, and there is no consensus on what diagnostic criteria should be utilized. Because the signs and symptoms are so prevalent and comparable to those of other diseases, it takes a doctor’s experience and judgement to state and diagnose it.

To determine a diagnosis, gynecologists’ look at a mix of clinical findings such as your signs and symptoms, medical and family history, physical exam, and laboratory test results. Some tests are performed before a PCOS/PCOD diagnosis is made to rule out other possible causes of comparable symptoms.

To assess enlarged ovaries, a pelvic ultrasound (transvaginal and/or pelvic/abdominal) is employed. The ovaries with PCOS are 1.5 to 3 times larger than normal, and each ovary has 12 or more follicles measuring 2 to 9 mm in diameter. The ovaries in PCOD may not appear enormous, but they will have 5 to 6 follicles per ovary, which will be smaller.

PCOS causes infertility because it limits the frequency of ovulation in the body; females with PCOS may not be able to conceive at all, even after making lifestyle modifications.
Diabetes is caused by PCOS/PCOD, which creates insulin resistance in the body.
Heart Disease- Both of these conditions raise blood pressure in the body, putting the body at risk for heart problems.

PCOS does not have a cure and does not go away on its own. The only goal of treatment is to alleviate the symptoms and prevent additional problems. There are several choices for this, and the choice is based on the type and intensity of the particular woman’s symptoms, as well as her desire to become pregnant.

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