Diabetes is commonly known as Diabetes Mellitus. It is a group of metabolic disorders which results in high blood glucose level in body. Untreated high blood glucose level can damage nerve, eyes, kidney and other organs also. There are 4 types of Diabetes Mellitus.
1.Type 1 diabetes mellitus= It is a chronic condition in which beta cells of pancreas damaged and due to these they produce little or no insulin.
2. Type 2 diabetes mellitus= In this pancreas produce insulin in required amount but it can’t uptake by adipose tissue, Due to insensitivity. It affect the way body processes blood glucose.
3.Prediabetes= It is the disorder where blood glucose is higher than normal but it’s not enough for diagnosis for type 2 diabetes mellitus.
4. Gestational diabetes= The increase in blood glucose level during pregnancy which may be temporarily.
Symptoms: When blood glucose level increase body shows some symptoms such as Excessive thirst, excessive urination, fatigue, weight loss, blurred vision,sweat and hunger.
Treatment: Monitoring blood glucose level, dietary management, maintaining physical activity, keeping weight and stress under control and Monitoring medication.