Sustainable development refers to “the development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.” Moreover, if we observe the term “sustainable development”, it means a development that heads over towards progress not decline.
The World Commission on Environment and Development popularized this concept in 1987. It aims to prevent the exploitation of natural resources and enrichment the natural resources. Basically, it is an action plan to help our future generations to live comfortable life. Sustainable development rests on three pillars – economic, social and environmental – which are often referred to as the triple bottom line. Achieving sustainable development requires balancing these three pillars in a way that meets the needs of present generations without risking the future generation.
We need many resources and a suitable environment to live our lives effortlessly. The population of the world is growing rapidly and so is the demand for resources. Human beings have been continuously exploiting resources and harming the environment.
In this condition, our future generations have to face a scarcity of resources to meet their needs and have to experience a less supportive environment. Sustainable development is the only solution to prevent this situation. It will prevent overexploitation and wastage of natural resources.
India is a rapidly developing country with a population of over 1.3 billion. The country faces many challenges in achieving sustainable development, including poverty, illiteracy, malnutrition, environmental degradation and climate change. In recent years, India has made progress in some areas of sustainable development, such as reducing poverty and increasing access to education and health care. However, much more needs to be done to meet the country’s development goals. There is a need for greater political will and financial resources to implement sustainable development initiatives in India. In addition, there is a need to raise awareness of sustainable development among the general public and create more coherent and coordinated policies at the national level.