The National Educational policy is to promote the standards of Indian education system.This policy was approved by the Union cabinet minister of India on 29th, July 2020. This policy replaces the policy of 1986. A committee was formed under the former cabinet secretary T.S.R Subramanian to consult the process of new National Educational policy . New draft NEP was submitted in 2019 by ISRO former chief krishnaswamy katurirangan which was later released by minister of Human Resources Department. There were over 2 lakhs of suggestions about the new National Educational policy from the people. The main vision is to provide high quality of education to all the people. It’s main aim is to increase the state expenditure on education from 3% to 6% of GDP.
Now we will see what is New Education policy and it’s main objectives.
1. This policy gives importance to the regional languages and mother tongue by making it compulsory till class 5 . Sanskrit and other foreign languages will also be given emphasis.
There will be few changes in the curriculum structure. The 10+2 model will be replaced as 5+3+3+4 . The new policy has categorized the curriculum based on their age .
The students from the age 3 to 5 will be categorised under the foundational stage in which it is further divided into two classes; the pre-school which is followed by the primary school where the method of learning will be activity learning.
classes from 3 to 5 will come under preparatory stage. Here they will get basic knowledge about the subjects like maths, science, social science and they will start to learn, write and read.
In the middle stage (class 6 to 8) the will read indepth concepts in the basic subjects like maths , science and social science.
In the secondary stage (class 9 to 12)where they will start studying the multidisciplinary study and start to think critically.
3. Instead of conducting academic exams for all the classes,there will be exams only for classes 2,5 and 8 .
4. For the secondary classes , the board exams will be conducted on the basis of PARAKH ( performance, Assessment, Review and Analysis of knowledge for Holistic Development). The exams will be conducted twice in a year and both objective and descriptive type questions will be asked.
5. Coding will be introduced in class 6 and along with midday meals breakfast also will be provided.
1.There will be 4 years of multidisciplinary bachelor degree in UG and one can discontinue whenever they needed and they will be provided with the degree certificate based on their qualification.
2. The PG degree should not be discontinued to align the degree education.
3.This policy proposes an internationalise education in India .
4. All the institutions will be governed by single regulatory except medical and law colleges.
5. The fees structure for both private and government universities will be fixed by the government.
6. All the entrance exams for getting admissions in college including NEET, JEE will be conducted by NTA.
The minimum qualification for the teachers must be the completion of 4 years bachelor degree. The National Council for Teachers Education will frame a new curriculum for teachers education by 2021. This policy is to provide good education to the students by the highly knowledged and qualified teachers.
These are all the policies that comes under the NEP 2020.Now you all can understand easily what is meant by NEP 2020 and why people are against this new policy.